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Atlantic Tropical Weather Discussion

AXNT20 KNHC 081655

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
1805 UTC Mon Aug 8 2022

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 31N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 1200 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through 
1655 UTC.


An eastern Atlantic tropical wave has its axis along 21W, south of
20N, moving W at 10-15 kt. Scattered moderate to isolated strong
convection is observed from 08N to 15N and between 18W and 30W. 
Environmental conditions appear generally favorable for gradual 
development and a tropical depression may form around the middle 
to latter part of the week as the wave moves into the central 
tropical Atlantic. The current outlook states that the disturbance
has a medium chance of development during the next 5 days.

Another eastern Atlantic tropical wave has its axis along 37W,
south of 20N, moving W at 15-20 kt. Scattered moderate convection
is noted from 10N to 15N and between 34W and 39W. Dusty Saharan 
air encompasses the wave axis N of 15N, maintaining dry

A central Atlantic tropical wave has its axis along 50W, south of 
19N, moving W at 15-20 kt. No deep convection is present near the
trof axis.

A central Caribbean tropical wave has its axis along 73W, south of 
21N, moving W at 10-15 kt. This wave is underneath an upper- 
level trough. This feature is supporting an area of scattered 
moderate convection that trails the wave from 14N to 21N and 
between 69W and 72W.


The monsoon trough enters the Atlantic through the coast of
Mauritania near 21N16W to 12N21W to 15N28W to 12N36W to 11N52W.
The ITCZ extends from 11N52W to 09N61W. Aside from convection 
associated to tropical waves, scattered moderate convection is
evident within 90 nm on both sides of the monsoon trough between
40W and 49W.


An upper level low in the western Gulf of Mexico and a weak
surface trough in the central Bay of Campeche are interacting with
plenty of moisture to produce scattered showers and isolated
thunderstorms in the SW and western Gulf. Another upper level
disturbance off the SE US coast is also inducing divergence over
the NE Gulf, resulting in scattered showers over the eastern
portion of the basin. The Gulf remains under the influence of a 
weak high pressure regime, sustaining light to locally moderate 
easterly winds E of 90W and light to gentle winds elsewhere. Seas 
are 2-4 ft across the Gulf.

Expect locally stronger winds and rough seas in and near 
scattered showers and thunderstorms.

For the forecast, a nearly stationary upper-level low is over the SW 
Gulf and will maintain active weather across the W Gulf through this
evening. Fresh NE to E winds will briefly pulse to strong in the 
eastern Bay of Campeche Tue night. A mid to upper-level trough 
just east of NE Florida will shift to the NE Gulf today through 
Tue night and to the north-central and NW Gulf Wed through Fri 
enhancing shower and thunderstorm activity across those sections 
of the Gulf. Otherwise the Atlantic surface ridge will extend W
along about 31N through late Wed before weakening W of 90W.


Aside from the convection associated with the tropical wave in the
central Caribbean, low level convergence is supporting a line of 
showers and isolated thunderstorms in the SW Caribbean, mainly S 
of 17N and W of 78W, also impacting eastern Nicaragua and NE Costa
Rica. Elsewhere, fairly tranquil weather conditions prevail. A
recent scatterometer satellite pass show fresh to strong easterly
trade winds in the central Caribbean, with the strongest winds
found south of Hispaniola, off NW Colombia and in the Windward
Passage. Seas are 6-8 ft in the central Caribbean. Moderate to 
fresh easterly winds are noted in the eastern Caribbean and in the
lee of Cuba, along with seas of 4-6 ft. In the rest of the basin,
gentle to moderate winds and seas of 2-4 ft are prevalent.

For the forecast, fresh to strong trade winds over the south-central
Caribbean will continue pulsing through the forecast period. A
tropical wave across the central Caribbean will be accompanied by
scattered showers and thunderstorms, gusty winds and rough seas 
as it continues westward across the remainder of the basin 
through early Wed. Fresh winds will pulse in the Gulf of Honduras
at night through the week. The next tropical wave will move 
across the Tropical N Atlantic waters early Tue through Wed night 
and across the eastern Caribbean Thu through Fri night enhancing 
shower and thunderstorm activity over those waters. 


An upper level trough near the Bahamas is supporting scattered 
showers S of 24N and between 70W and 77W. Another area of showers 
is noted off NE Florida in association with a weak surface trough.
The remainder of the western Atlantic remains under the dominion 
of a 1025 mb high pressure system near Bermuda. The pressure 
gradient between the aforementioned subtropical ridge and lower 
pressures in the Caribbean results in fresh to locally strong 
easterly winds S of 25N and between 60W and 77W. Recent
satellite-derived wind data indicate that the strongest winds are
occurring off northern Hispaniola, NE Cuba and the entrance of the
Windward Passage. Seas are 5-8 ft in these waters. Light to 
moderate anticyclonic winds are present in the rest of the western
Atlantic, especially W of 55W. Seas are 3-6 ft in the described 

The central and eastern tropical Atlantic are under the influence
of a broad subtropical ridge positioned in the NE Atlantic and
together with a dry and dusty Saharan airmass, maintain fairly
tranquil weather conditions. Fresh to locally strong NE winds are
noted N of 21N and E of 27W, along with seas of 5-8 ft. Elsewhere
in the basin, moderate or weaker winds and seas of 4-7 ft prevail.

For the forecast west of 55W, the Atlantic ridge will remain
centered just W of Bermuda and dominate the forecast region 
during the next several days. Moderate to fresh winds will prevail
S of 25N through the forecast period. Fresh to strong winds will 
pulse north of Hispaniola and in the approaches to the Windward 
Passage during the late afternoons and overnight hours through Wed
night. A surface trough extends from 31N76W to 27N78W and will 
shift W and inland through this evening accompanied by scattered 
showers and thunderstorms.