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Hurricane SALLY

Hurricane Sally Discussion Number  21
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL192020
400 AM CDT Wed Sep 16 2020
There has been little change in Sally's convective structure during 
the past few hours as seen in radar and satellite data. The initial 
intensity of 90 kt is based on previous reconnaissance SFMR surface 
wind data of 88 kt in the northeastern quadrant, along with average 
Doppler radar values of 114 kt between 4500-5000 ft ASL, which 
supports an equivalent surface wind speed of about 90 kt. The 
reconnaissance aircraft has recently measured peak 700-mb 
flight-level winds of 110 kt, but those winds may not be making it 
down to the surface based on earlier buoy wind reports underneath 
the eyewall. Although the northern eyewall has moved onshore between 
Mobile Bay and Pensacola Bay, some slight strengthening is still 
possible until the center of Sally's eye makes landfall later this 
morning. Rapid weakening is forecast after the center moves inland, 
and the system should become a remnant low in a couple of days.  
This is consistent with the latest model guidance.
Radar and aircraft center fixes indicate that Sally's motion is
north-northeastward, or 020/03 kt. No significant changes were 
required to the previous track forecast. The latest NHC model 
guidance continues to show Sally moving slowly north-northeastward 
this morning, and then turn northeastward with a gradual increase in 
forward speed by tonight. That motion should then continue for the 
next day or so. As Sally approaches the mid-latitude westerlies at 
higher latitudes, the tropical cyclone should turn toward the 
east-northeast with some slight increase in forward speed until it
becomes a dissipating remnant low near the southeastern U.S. coast 
in 2-3 days.  The official forecast is close to the latest corrected 
dynamical model consensus, HCCA, prediction.
1. Historic and catastrophic flooding is unfolding along and just
inland of the coast from west of Tallahassee, Florida, to Mobile
Bay, Alabama.  In addition, widespread moderate to major river
flooding is forecast. Significant flash and urban flooding, as well
as widespread minor to moderate river flooding, is likely across
inland portions Alabama into central Georgia. Widespread flash and
urban flooding is possible, as well as widespread minor to moderate
river flooding, across western South Carolina into western and
central North Carolina. Scattered flash and urban flooding is
possible, as well as scattered minor river flooding in southeast
2. Life-threatening storm surge is occurring along portions of the 
coastline from Alabama to the western Florida Panhandle, including 
Pensacola Bay and southern portions of Mobile Bay.
3. Hurricane conditions are expected this morning and then continue
into this afternoon within portions of the Hurricane Warning area
along the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines and the western Florida
INIT  16/0900Z 30.1N  87.7W   90 KT 105 MPH
 12H  16/1800Z 30.7N  87.2W   70 KT  80 MPH...INLAND
 24H  17/0600Z 31.5N  86.3W   35 KT  40 MPH...INLAND
 36H  17/1800Z 32.6N  84.7W   30 KT  35 MPH...INLAND
 48H  18/0600Z 33.5N  82.4W   25 KT  30 MPH...INLAND
 60H  18/1800Z 34.1N  79.5W   20 KT  25 MPH...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
 72H  19/0600Z...DISSIPATED
Forecaster Stewart