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Tropical Storm HELENE


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Tropical Storm Helene Discussion Number  25
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL082018
1100 AM AST Thu Sep 13 2018

Helene continues with very limited deep convection, only observed
this morning in the northwestern quadrant.  Dvorak estimates from
TAFB and SAB are dropping, and a blend of these with the CIMSS
SATCON indicates an intensity of 60 kt.  Thus Helene has weakened to
a tropical storm.

Strong tropospheric vertical shear along with only lukewarm waters
are likely contributing toward Helene's weakening.  The shear
should further increase during the next two days, though the sea
surface temperatures will rebound up to 27C along with an increase
in low-level moisture.  A slow weakening is thus expected.
Beginning in about three days, Helene will commence baroclinic
transition, and it is expected to become an extratropical cyclone by
96 hours.  This forcing should preclude any additional weakening
through the remainder of the forecast period.  The official
intensity forecast is similar to the previous advisory.  The
prediction is based on a blend of the stronger HWRF dynamical model
and the weaker SHIPS/LGEM statistical schemes for the next couple
of days, and is based on a blend of the GFS/ECMWF/UKMET global
models at the extended lead times.

Helene is moving northward at about 12 kt between the subtropical
ridge to its east and a deep-layer trough to its west.  The system
should accelerate and turn toward the northeast over the next few
days as it rounds the subtropical ridge and starts getting picked
up by the mid-latitude westerlies.  The official track forecast is
based upon the variable consensus technique (TVCN) and is just
north of the previous forecast through three days.  The
guidance suite remains tightly clustered and indicates that Helene
will pass near the Azores in 2 or 3 days.  Interests in
those islands should closely monitor the progress of Helene.


FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  13/1500Z 24.8N  37.3W   60 KT  70 MPH
 12H  14/0000Z 27.2N  37.1W   55 KT  65 MPH
 24H  14/1200Z 30.8N  36.6W   50 KT  60 MPH
 36H  15/0000Z 34.2N  35.5W   50 KT  60 MPH
 48H  15/1200Z 37.2N  33.3W   50 KT  60 MPH
 72H  16/1200Z 40.5N  26.0W   50 KT  60 MPH
 96H  17/1200Z 44.0N  18.0W   50 KT  60 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H  18/1200Z 51.5N   9.0W   50 KT  60 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP

$$
Forecaster Landsea

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