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Tropical Storm Julia Forecast Discussion

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WTNT43 KNHC 091442

Tropical Storm Julia Discussion Number  13
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL132022
1000 AM CDT Sun Oct 09 2022

Julia continues to move westward across Nicaragua with a 
well-defined circulation and deep convection persisting near the 
center.  The terrain of southern and central Nicaragua is not as 
rugged as areas farther north in Central America, and Julia is 
probably only gradually weakening while it crosses land.  Based on 
a typical decay rate, and interpolating from the previous forecast, 
Julia is now estimated to be a 60-kt tropical storm.

Strong ridging over the Gulf of Mexico continues to propel the 
storm quickly westward (270 degrees) at about 13 kt, and that 
motion should continue today, with Julia's center expected to move 
off the Pacific coast of Nicaragua by this evening.  By tonight and 
Monday, Julia is forecast to turn toward the west-northwest and 
move very close to and parallel to the Pacific coasts of Honduras, 
El Salvador, and Guatemala.  The model trackers lose Julia in a day 
or two and instead show a potential track farther offshore by 
keying in on a broader circulation farther west that is associated 
with an ongoing Gulf of Tehuantepec gap wind event.  However, 
global model fields, in particular the GFS and ECWMF, show Julia's 
smaller circulation more closely hugging the Pacific coast of 
Central America, and the updated NHC track forecast more closely 
follows that scenario.

Additional weakening is expected today while Julia continues moving 
over land, but the cyclone should still be at tropical storm 
strength when it moves offshore this evening.  In keeping with the 
GFS and ECMWF solutions, Julia's contracting circulation is 
forecast to weaken further over the Pacific waters, coincident with 
an increase in easterly shear.  Based on the latest forecast, Julia 
is expected to weaken to a tropical depression on Monday and then 
dissipate by Monday night while moving close to the coast of 

Regardless of Julia's track and future status as a tropical cyclone,
the evolving weather pattern is likely to lead to heavy rains over
Central America and southern Mexico for several days, which could 
cause life-threatening flash floods and mudslides, especially in 
areas of mountainous terrain.

Since Julia's low-level circulation is expected to survive its 
passage across Nicaragua, the cyclone will retain the same name 
when it moves into the eastern Pacific basin.  The intermediate 
advisory at 100 PM CDT (1800 UTC) will be issued under the same 
Atlantic product headers as before.  However, now that all coastal 
watches and warnings are located along the Pacific coast of Central 
America, product headers will change to eastern Pacific headers 
beginning with the next complete advisory at 400 PM CDT (2100 UTC), 
with the ATCF identifier changing from AL132022 to EP182022.

Key Messages:

1. Julia is forecast to remain as a tropical storm while it moves
across Nicaragua today and reaches the adjacent Pacific waters 
this evening.  Tropical storm warnings are in effect along the 
Pacific coasts of Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador to account 
for the likelihood of tropical-storm-force winds in those areas 
later today through Monday.  Tropical-force-winds are also possible 
on Monday along the Pacific coast of Guatemala, where a tropical 
storm watch is in effect.

2. Life-threatening flash flooding and mudslides are expected across 
portions of Central America Sunday and Monday.  Flash flooding is 
anticipated across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in Mexico early this 


INIT  09/1500Z 12.4N  85.4W   60 KT  70 MPH...INLAND
 12H  10/0000Z 12.5N  87.5W   45 KT  50 MPH...OVER WATER
 24H  10/1200Z 13.2N  89.6W   40 KT  45 MPH
 36H  11/0000Z 14.0N  91.9W   30 KT  35 MPH
 48H  11/1200Z...DISSIPATED

Forecaster Berg