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Tropical Depression ETA

Tropical Depression Eta Discussion Number  22
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL292020
900 PM CST Thu Nov 05 2020

Eta has not become any better organized during the past several 
hours, and a specific center is hard to locate.  It is estimated 
that the center is near a growing area of deep convection located 
east of the Belize. While it is possible the system has degenerated 
into a broad low or trough, there isn't enough evidence to break 
continuity, so Eta remains a 30-kt tropical depression on this 
advisory.  Scatterometer data will probably come in overnight to 
provide a better look at the low-level circulation.

The initial motion is an uncertain 360/7 kt.  Eta should move 
northeastward on Friday around a developing mid- to upper-level 
trough over the Gulf of Mexico, then turn northward on Sunday and 
west-northwestward early next week as the trough cuts off into a 
closed low.  The details of this sinuous path, however, are pretty 
fuzzy and small differences in the tropical cyclone position could 
lead to large errors down the line. The most notable change tonight 
is that the GFS-based guidance (including HWRF and HMON) have 
generally shifted northward and faster.  The new forecast is moved 
eastward near Cuba, and then northward near the Florida Keys in 
response to this guidance and the 18Z ECMWF. It should be stressed 
this is a fairly uncertain forecast due to the strong trough 

Eta should begin to strengthen on Friday due to the low-level 
circulation forecast to become better defined in a fairly conducive 
environment.  While vertical wind shear could increase this weekend, 
it is expected that upper-level divergence and trough dynamics will 
overwhelm the negative factors and cause continued intensification 
until the system reaches Cuba. The new forecast is raised from the 
previous one, but still lies below the NOAA corrected-consensus 
model HCCA. There isn't a lot of agreement on the intensity after 
Cuba, however, and the forecast hinges on how tropical it will 
remain after the trough interaction.  The new forecast flattens out 
the intensity near Florida as a compromise between the various 
solutions, but I don't have much confidence in the forecast at that 
Key Messages:
1. Through Monday morning, heavy rainfall from Eta will lead to
catastrophic, life-threatening flash flooding and river flooding
across portions of Central America, along with landslides in areas
of higher terrain.  Flash and river flooding is also possible across
Jamaica, southeast Mexico, the Cayman Islands and western Cuba.
2. Eta is forecast to regain tropical storm strength over the
northwestern Caribbean Sea on Friday. Although the details of
the future track and intensity of Eta are uncertain, there is an
increasing risk of impacts from wind and rainfall in portions of the
Cayman Islands, Cuba, southern Florida and the Florida Keys and the 
northwestern Bahamas this weekend and early next week.
INIT  06/0300Z 16.6N  87.8W   30 KT  35 MPH
 12H  06/1200Z 17.5N  87.2W   35 KT  40 MPH
 24H  07/0000Z 18.8N  85.4W   40 KT  45 MPH
 36H  07/1200Z 19.7N  83.2W   45 KT  50 MPH
 48H  08/0000Z 20.8N  81.0W   55 KT  65 MPH
 60H  08/1200Z 22.6N  79.8W   50 KT  60 MPH...INLAND
 72H  09/0000Z 24.2N  80.4W   55 KT  65 MPH...OVER WATER
 96H  10/0000Z 25.0N  83.0W   55 KT  65 MPH
120H  11/0000Z 25.5N  85.0W   55 KT  65 MPH
Forecaster Blake