Coastal areas placed under tropical storm and hurricane watches
and warnings are identified through the use of "breakpoints." A
tropical cyclone breakpoint is defined as an agreed upon coastal
location that can be chosen as one of two specific end points or designated
places between which a tropical storm/hurricane watch/warning is in effect. The U.S.
National Weather Service designates the locations along the U.S. East, Gulf,
and California coasts, Puerto Rico, and Hawaii.
These points are listed in NWS Directive 10-605 (PDF).
Individual countries across the
Caribbean, Central America, and South America provide coastal locations for their
areas of responsibility to the U.S. National Weather Service for the National
Hurricane Center's use in tropical cyclone advisories when watches/warnings
are issued by international partners. The National Hurricane Center maintains
a list of pre-arranged breakpoints for the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf coasts,
Mexico, Cuba and the Bahamas. Other sites are unofficial and sites not on
the list can be selected if conditions warrant.
Beginning in 2015, the NWS will be conveying the approximate lateral extent of areas at risk for life-threatening storm surge in its text products using fixed 'communication points', similar to the breakpoints used to convey the tropical cyclone watches and warnings. The tropical cyclone warning breakpoints will also serve as surge communication points, with additional surge communication points defined as shown below.
Last Updated July 2015
National Hurricane Center Watch/Warning Breakpoints