Atlantic Tropical Weather Discussion (Text)

AXNT20 KNHC 221037

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
637 AM EDT SAT OCT 22 2016

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 32N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 0600 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through
1000 UTC.

As of 22/0900 UTC...a cold front extends across the Gulf of
Mexico from 26N81W to 24N90W to 21N97W generating near gale to
gale force NW to N winds generally S of 21N W of a surface trough
analyzed from the front near 22N97W to 19N94W. These conditions
are expected to continue through Saturday afternoon across
portions of the SW Gulf of Mexico. See latest NWS High Seas
Forecast under AWIPS/WMO headers MIAHSFAT2/FZNT02 KNHC for more

Tropical wave extends from 09N48W to 18N43W moving W at 10-15 kt.
The wave coincides with global model indicated 700 mb troughing
between 42W-51W with a maximum in 850 mb relative vorticity along
the wave axis near 11N. Scattered moderate and isolated strong
convection is from 07N-16N between 38W-51W.

The Monsoon Trough extends from the African coast near 12N16W to
09N20W. The Intertropical Convergence Zone axis extends from
09N20W to 05N30W to 07N43W to 10N47W to 07N58W. Aside from
convection associated with the tropical wave along 46W...widely
scattered moderate convection is from 05N-13N between 19W-38W.


A middle to upper level trough is noted on water vapor imagery
with axis extending from over the Carolinas S-SW to a broad base
over the NE Gulf waters near 27N84W. The troughing supports a
cold front analyzed across the southern Florida peninsula to
24N90W to 21N97W and inland as a stationary front across interior
portions of east-central Mexico. Widely scattered showers and
isolated tstms are occurring across the SW Gulf waters generally
S of 24N W of 91W in association with the front...in addition to
the near gale to gale force NW to N winds mentioned above in the
Special Features section. High pressure continues to build in
across the lower Mississippi River valley this morning and will
gradually drift eastward across the SE CONUS through Monday. Aside
from the localized gale force wind conditions expected across the
SW Gulf...elsewhere moderate to fresh N-NE winds are expected to
persist through Sunday gradually veering NE to E Sunday late into
early Monday then mostly E to SE on Monday as the ridge shifts

A weak middle to upper level shortwave trough is noted on water
vapor imagery with axis extending over the central and SE Bahamas
SW to a broad base over the NW Caribbean waters near 19N84W. The
troughing supports a surface trough analyzed from across eastern
Cuba near 20N74W S-SW to across Jamaica then into the SW
Caribbean near 13N81W. Scattered showers and isolated tstms are
occurring within 75 nm either side of a line from the Windward
Passage near 20N74W to 13N78W. Otherwise...the remainder of the
NW Caribbean is under the influence of fair conditions and gentle
to moderate N winds for Saturday. A cold front moving SE across
the Gulf of Mexico is expected to reach the NW Caribbean by early
Sunday morning increasing NE winds across the region into the
moderate to occasional fresh breeze range Sunday into Sunday
night. Elsewhere...the eastern and central Caribbean are under
mostly fair skies this morning with moderate to fresh trades
prevailing. These trades are expected to persist through Monday.

Currently isolated showers and possible tstms are occurring
across the island with a line of scattered showers and tstms to
the NW of the island stretching from the across the Turks and
Caicos Islands SW through the Windward Passage to the SW coast of
Haiti near 18N75W. This activity is in association with a surface
trough analyzed from 22N72W SW to eastern Jamaica near 18N77W.
This troughing is supported aloft by a middle to upper level
shortwave trough progressing eastward over the SE Bahamas.
Increased probability of scattered showers and tstms is expected
through Sunday as the troughing lingers across the region.

The Special Features cold front continues to move eastward across
the far NW portion of the SW North Atlc region with a mid-level
shortwave supporting a 997 mb low centered near 35N70W and
associated surface trough extending from the low S-SW to 30N70W
to the SE Bahamas near 24N76W to central Cuba near 22N78W.
Isolated showers and possible isolated tstms are N of 27N between
66W-72W. Farther SE...another weaker frontal trough extends from
23N71W to the Windward Passage region generating scattered
showers and strong tstms generally from 19N-25N between 65W-74W.
The main cold front is expected to merge with the easternmost two
frontal troughs by Sunday as ridging builds in across the western
portion of the SW North Atlc. By Monday...the cold front will
weaken slightly and become stationary between 57W-64W across the
central Atlc. Otherwise...the remainder of the central and eastern
Atlc currently is under the influence of surface ridging anchored
by a 1032 mb high centered well N of the discussion area SE of
Newfoundland Canada near 44N44W. One exception is a weakening
cold front analyzed from near 32N14W SW to 27N29W then stationary
westward to 25N43W. Isolated showers and possible tstms are within
90 nm either side of the stationary front. This activity is
supported aloft by a middle to upper level low centered near

For additional information please visit


Standard version of this page

Alternate Formats
About Alternates - E-Mail Advisories - RSS Feeds

Cyclone Forecasts
Latest Advisory - Past Advisories - About Advisories

Marine Forecasts
Latest Products - About Marine Products

Tools & Data
Satellite Imagery - US Weather Radar - Aircraft Recon - Local Data Archive - Forecast Verification - Deadliest/Costliest/Most Intense

Learn About Hurricanes
Storm Names Wind Scale - Prepare - Climatology - NHC Glossary - NHC Acronyms - Frequently Asked Questions - AOML Hurricane-Research Division

About Us
About NHC - Mission/Vision - Other NCEP Centers - NHC Staff - Visitor Information - NHC Library

Contact Us

NOAA/ National Weather Service
National Centers for Environmental Prediction
National Hurricane Center
11691 SW 17th Street
Miami, Florida, 33165-2149 USA
Privacy Policy
About Us
Career Opportunities
Page last modified: Saturday, 22-Oct-2016 10:38:07 UTC