Hurricane DON (Text)

Hurricane Don Discussion Number  36
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL052023
1100 PM AST Sat Jul 22 2023
Don's structure on satellite imagery remains well organized for a 
tropical cyclone at such a high latitude in late July. A small but 
distinct eye has persisted, surrounded by moderately cold cloud 
tops. However, the coldest cloud tops are beginning to erode on the 
north edge of the eye, and the upper-level outflow has also become 
more restricted in that direction. These factors likely indicate 
that Don is starting to feel the effects of nearby cooler waters 
and increased vertical wind shear that will ultimately lead to a 
swift decline in intensity. For now, the latest subjective Dvorak 
estimates were T4.0 (65 kt) from both SAB and TAFB, and objective 
intensity estimates currently range from 53 kt to 69 kt. It is 
worth noting that UW-CIMSS ADT estimates have been much lower, 
apparently due to that objective technique failing to pick up on the 
eye pattern seen on satellite today. Discounting that outlier, a 
blend of other subjective and objective data supports an initial 
intensity of 65 kt for this advisory. Don's wind radii have also 
been adjusted some due to a helpful ASCAT-B pass at 2348 UTC.
Now that Don is moving north of a warm eddy in the Gulf Stream, the 
cyclone should soon encounter much colder sea-surface temperatures 
along its track. Thus, steady weakening is expected to begin 
shortly. As Don quickly loses its deep convection, the cyclone is 
forecast to become post-tropical in 36 h, with the circulation 
expected to open up into a trough axis after 48 h. This forecast is 
in good agreement with the global and hurricane-regional model 
Don is now moving to the north-northeast a bit faster than before at 
015/12 kt. A continued turn to the northeast with a bit more 
acceleration is anticipated overnight into tomorrow as Don is 
embedded within southwesterly steering flow between a subtropical 
ridge to its southeast and a deep-layer trough located over eastern 
Canada. This pattern should persist until Don dissipates, with the 
system continuing to recurve eastward over the next 48 h. The track 
guidance has shifted a bit faster than the prior cycle but still 
remains along a similar trajectory. Thus the NHC track forecast 
remains very close to the prior track, but just a little faster.
INIT  23/0300Z 41.4N  49.6W   65 KT  75 MPH
 12H  23/1200Z 43.3N  48.5W   55 KT  65 MPH
 24H  24/0000Z 45.5N  46.0W   45 KT  50 MPH
 36H  24/1200Z 47.2N  42.1W   35 KT  40 MPH...POST-TROPICAL
 48H  25/0000Z 48.1N  37.3W   30 KT  35 MPH...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
 60H  25/1200Z...DISSIPATED
Forecaster Papin

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Page last modified: Monday, 18-Dec-2023 12:09:12 UTC