Hurricane FIONA (Text)

Hurricane Fiona Discussion Number  30
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL072022
500 PM EDT Wed Sep 21 2022
Fiona continues to have a fairly impressive presentation on 
satellite images, although the eye has become partially cloud-
filled.  The central convection continues to have very cold cloud 
tops to near -80 deg C,  and the Central Dense Overcast is 
surrounded by numerous banding features, especially over the 
eastern semicircle.  Upper-tropospheric outflow is strong over the 
northern and eastern portions of the circulation.  The current 
intensity is held at 115 kt, i.e. Category 4, in agreement with a 
subjective Dvorak estimate from SAB. 

The hurricane should remain over warm waters for the next 48 hours, 
and in a moist and unstable air mass.  Some strengthening is still 
possible within the next day or so.  Eyewall replacement cycles 
could cause some intensity fluctuations, but these are difficult to 
predict.  Fiona is expected to interact with a strong 
mid-tropospheric trough moving off the northeastern United States 
coast in around 60 hours.  This interaction should lead to the 
system transforming into an intense extratropical cyclone, with 
hurricane-force winds, before it reaches Atlantic Canada.

Fiona's motion is beginning to show signs of a turn toward the 
north-northeast as the eye has been leaning toward the right 
over the past few hours.  The initial motion is just east of 
north or about 010/8 kt.  There are no significant changes to the 
track forecast or its reasoning.  During the next 12 to 24 
hours, the hurricane is expected to move northward to 
north-northeastward along the western periphery of a mid-level 
subtropical high pressure area.  Thereafter, Fiona is forecast to
gradually accelerate northeastward to north-northeastward in 
the flow ahead of the aforementioned trough.  The official track 
forecast remains close to both the simple and corrected 
dynamical model consensus, TVCN and HCCA, respectively.

Based on an earlier ASCAT overpass, the wind radii have been 
expanded.  The model guidance indicates that Fiona will grow even 
larger in size during the next few days.  
Key Messages:
1. Hurricane conditions are possible, and tropical storm conditions
are expected, on Bermuda by late tomorrow.
2. Fiona is expected to affect portions of Atlantic Canada as a
powerful hurricane-force cyclone late Friday and Saturday, and could
produce significant impacts from high winds, storm surge, and heavy
rainfall. Interests in these areas should closely monitor the
progress of Fiona and updates to the forecast.
INIT  21/2100Z 25.6N  71.5W  115 KT 130 MPH
 12H  22/0600Z 27.0N  71.0W  120 KT 140 MPH
 24H  22/1800Z 29.5N  69.6W  120 KT 140 MPH
 36H  23/0600Z 32.6N  66.9W  115 KT 130 MPH
 48H  23/1800Z 37.4N  63.0W  110 KT 125 MPH
 60H  24/0600Z 43.5N  61.1W   90 KT 105 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
 72H  24/1800Z 47.0N  61.0W   75 KT  85 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
 96H  25/1800Z 52.5N  60.5W   45 KT  50 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H  26/1800Z 60.0N  59.1W   35 KT  40 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
Forecaster Pasch

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Page last modified: Saturday, 31-Dec-2022 12:09:20 UTC