Tropical Storm ETA (Text)

Tropical Storm Eta Discussion Number  41
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL292020
900 AM CST Tue Nov 10 2020
A significant increase in deep convection has occurred since the 
previous advisory this morning, including a CDO-like feature with 
cloud tops of -85C to -87C very near the low-level center. However, 
recent passive microwave satellite images indicate that the center 
is displaced to the northwest of the coldest cloud tops due to 
modest northwesterly mid- and upper-level vertical wind shear. The 
initial intensity has been increased to 50 kt, which is based on an 
average of Dvorak satellite intensity estimates of T3.0/45 kt from 
TAFB and T3.5/55 kt from SAB.

Although the initial motion estimate is 360/02 kt, Eta has 
essentially been stationary for the past 9 hours or so. Radar data 
from Casablanca, Cuba, and satellite fixes suggest that Eta has been 
making a small cyclonic/counter-clockwise loop within the larger 
gyre in which the small center is embedded. Until the gyre breaks 
down or moves northward, there will be little poleward motion by Eta 
today. By tonight, however, the global and regional models are in 
good agreement on a broad mid-tropospheric trough moving eastward 
across the central and eastern United States, which is expected to 
erode a subtropical ridge to the north of the Eta, allowing both the 
larger gyre and Eta to move slowly northward. This steering pattern 
is expected to continue through about 72 hours. Thereafter, the 
model guidance diverges significantly between motions ranging from 
westward (GFS/GFS-ensemble) to northward (ECMWF) to northeastward 
(COAMPS-TC). The 96-120 hour motions are directly related to the 
strength of the cyclone, with a much weaker Eta forecast to move 
westward and a stronger hurricane solution moving northeastward. 
The latter scenario seems unlikely given that the vertical shear is 
forecast to increase from the northwest and west at more than 25 kt, 
which acts to weaken Eta and also impart a slight eastward tug on 
the system. As a result, the official forecast track calls for Eta 
to basically move slowly northward through the 120-h forecast 
period and gradually weaken into a shallow cyclone that drifts 
northward. The new NHC track forecast is similar to the previous 
advisory track, and lies close to a blend of the consensus models 
TVCA, NOAA-HCCA, and the Florida Superensemble (FSSE).
Eta is expected to remain in a low-to-moderate vertical wind shear 
environment and over warm SSTs of 27-28 deg C for the next couple of 
days. Although the surrounding environment is expected to be 
somewhat dry, the other two favorable environmental factors should 
allow for some strengthening into Thursday, Thereafter, increasing 
shear from the northwest and west, along with drier mid-level air 
and cooler SSTs are likely to cause Eta to weaken. The rate of this 
weakening remains uncertain, and depends heavily on how much Eta 
re-intensifies over the next couple of days. The new intensity 
forecast is essentially the same as the previous advisory, and is a 
little below the consensus models IVCN, HCCA, and FSSE, all of which 
make Eta a hurricane again by 36 hours.

Key Messages:
1. Heavy rainfall from Eta will continue across western Cuba and 
South Florida today and tonight.  Additional flash and urban 
flooding, especially across previously inundated areas, will be 
possible in South Florida. Flash and urban flooding will also be 
possible for western Cuba.
2. Eta could approach the northeastern or north-central U.S. Gulf 
Coast later this week as a tropical storm, and possibly bring 
impacts from rain, wind, and storm surge. Interests in this area 
should continue to monitor the progress of Eta and updates to the 
forecast this week.
INIT  10/1500Z 22.7N  85.3W   50 KT  60 MPH
 12H  11/0000Z 23.1N  85.4W   55 KT  65 MPH
 24H  11/1200Z 24.0N  85.3W   60 KT  70 MPH
 36H  12/0000Z 25.0N  85.2W   60 KT  70 MPH
 48H  12/1200Z 25.9N  85.1W   55 KT  65 MPH
 60H  13/0000Z 26.6N  85.2W   45 KT  50 MPH
 72H  13/1200Z 27.2N  85.5W   40 KT  45 MPH
 96H  14/1200Z 28.6N  86.4W   35 KT  40 MPH
120H  15/1200Z 30.1N  86.4W   30 KT  35 MPH
Forecaster Stewart

Standard version of this page

Alternate Formats
About Alternates - E-Mail Advisories - RSS Feeds

Cyclone Forecasts
Latest Advisory - Past Advisories - About Advisories

Marine Forecasts
Latest Products - About Marine Products

Tools & Data
Satellite Imagery - US Weather Radar - Aircraft Recon - Local Data Archive - Forecast Verification - Deadliest/Costliest/Most Intense

Learn About Hurricanes
Storm Names Wind Scale - Prepare - Climatology - NHC Glossary - NHC Acronyms - Frequently Asked Questions - AOML Hurricane-Research Division

About Us
About NHC - Mission/Vision - Other NCEP Centers - NHC Staff - Visitor Information - NHC Library

Contact Us

NOAA/ National Weather Service
National Centers for Environmental Prediction
National Hurricane Center
11691 SW 17th Street
Miami, Florida, 33165-2149 USA
Privacy Policy
About Us
Career Opportunities
Page last modified: Thursday, 31-Dec-2020 12:10:48 UTC