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Atlantic Tropical Weather Discussion



000
AXNT20 KNHC 162130
TWDAT 

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
0005 UTC Sun Jan 16 2022

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 31N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 1800 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through
2130 UTC.

...SPECIAL FEATURES...

Gulf of Mexico Gale Warning: A cold front that stretches from
South Florida to western Cuba will move SE of the area by this 
evening. Strong winds follow this front, with gale force W to NW 
winds occurring over the NE Gulf. Seas behind the front in the 
area of highest winds range from 12 to 17 ft. Conditions will 
improve Mon as high pressure builds into the area in the wake of 
the front. 

Atlantic Gale Warning: A cold front has moved off the NE coast of
Florida. Gale force S to SW winds are observed east of the cold 
front. Gale force W to NW winds will develop behind the front, N
of 27N, through Mon. Seas of 10 to 14 ft already ongoing in the 
area of gale force winds will increase to 12 to 18 ft behind the 
front. Conditions will gradually improve late Mon into Tue 
morning.

Please read the latest NWS High Seas Forecast issued by the
National Hurricane Center at website
https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/MIAHSFAT2.shtml for more details on
the three warnings.

...MONSOON TROUGH/ITCZ...

The monsoon trough axis extends from the coast of Liberia near
06N10W to near 03N17W. The ITCZ then continues from 03N17W to 
00N40W. Scattered moderate convection is noted from 01N to 05N
between 32W and 38W.

...GULF OF MEXICO...

Please see the Special Features section above for details on
a Gale Warning for the NE Gulf. 

A cold front extends from south Florida to western Cuba. Ahead 
of the front, a squall line of thunderstorms stretches across the
Florida Straits. The cold front and associated squall line will 
exit the basin by this evening. High pressure centered is
building in the wake of the cold front, bringing strong to near
gale W to NW winds to much of the area. Seas are generally 8 to 
15 ft, except for the NW Gulf where seas of 3-6 ft are noted.

For the forecast, the cold front will exit the SE Gulf by this 
evening. Gale force W to NW winds will continue over the NE Gulf 
of Mexico through this evening. Fresh to strong NW winds will 
then continue over the far eastern Gulf through Mon morning. 
Winds and waves will gradually diminish over the Gulf late 
tonight through Mon as high pressure builds over the western 
Gulf. A new cold front is forecast to emerge from the coast of 
Texas Wed night and extend from the Florida Big Bend to Tampico, 
Mexico Thu night. 

...CARIBBEAN SEA...

A cold front extends from western Cuba to western Honduras, with
scattered moderate and isolated strong convection within 90 nm 
ahead of it. Fresh to strong winds, and seas of 3-6 ft, are noted
west of the front. Moderate to fresh winds prevail over the 
central and eastern Caribbean, with gentle to moderate winds 
elsewhere. Seas are in the 4-6 ft range over the south central 
Caribbean, 3-4 ft over the north central and eastern Caribbean, 
and 1-3 ft elsewhere. 

For the forecast, the cold front will extend from central Cuba 
to NE Honduras by Mon morning where it will start to weaken 
before dissipating Mon night. Fresh to locally strong winds will 
pulse in the south-central Caribbean at night along the coast of 
Colombia through Tue. Then, the area of fresh to strong winds 
will expand over the central Caribbean Tue night through Fri. 
Generally moderate to fresh trades will prevail elsewhere. 

...ATLANTIC OCEAN...

Please see the Special Features section above for details on the
Gale Warning for portions of the southwest Atlantic.

A cold front has moved off the coast of NE Florida. A squall line
is out ahead of the front and east of Florida and the NW Bahamas.
Gale- force SW winds are ahead of the cold front, with seas of 10
to 14 ft. Fresh to strong winds and seas of 6-8 ft are noted 
west of the front. Farther east, another cold front enters the 
discussion waters from 31N44W to 24N54W. Scattered moderate 
convection is noted within 60 nm east of the front. Gentle to 
moderate winds and seas of 8-12 ft are noted north of the front. 
Low pressure is centered near 31N26W, with associated cold front 
extending to near 27N25W to 21N28W. Scattered moderate and 
isolated strong convection is noted within 330 nm south 
semicircle of the low. Strong to near- gale force winds are 
within 300 nm NW of the low, with fresh to strong winds within 
300 nm SW quadrant and east semicircle. Seas of 10-15 ft are 
within 210 nm west semicircle of the low, with seas of 8-10 ft 
elsewhere within 450 nm west and 270 nm east semicircle of the 
low. Gentle to moderate winds and seas of 5-7 ft are noted 
elsewhere over the Atlantic discussion waters. 

For the forecast W of 65W, gale force winds will continue on 
both sides of the cold front as it moves eastward through Mon 
afternoon, when the front is forecast to extend from 31N67W to 
the SE Bahamas. Strong to near gale force winds will then 
continue to affect the northern waters through Tue morning. High 
pressure will bring gentle winds Tue night through Wed. The next 
cold front is forecast to enter the NW offshore waters Thu night.

$$
AL