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Atlantic Tropical Weather Discussion

AXNT20 KNHC 300500

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
0605 UTC Thu Sep 29 2022

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 31N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 0000 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through 
0500 UTC.


Hurricane Ian is centered near 30.2N 79.3W at 30/0300 UTC or 160 
nm S of Charleston South Carolina moving NNE at 9 kt. Estimated 
minimum central pressure is 986 mb. Maximum sustained wind speed 
is 70 kt with gusts to 85 kt. Tropical storm force winds extend 
up to 360 nm from the center. Peak seas over Atlantic offshore 
waters east of NE Florida are 26 ft. 12 ft seas extend up to 300
nm NE of the center. Numerous moderate convection is N of 30N 
between 74W and 82W. A weakening outer rainband covers the 
offshore waters between 74W and 77W, including the central 
Bahamas. On the forecast track, Ian will approach the coast of 
northeastern South Carolina mid-day Friday. The center will move 
farther inland across the Carolinas Friday night and Saturday. Ian
is expected to maintain intensity before landfall tomorrow, when 
it will rapidly weaken over the southeastern United States late 
Friday into Saturday. Please read the latest NHC Public Advisory 
at and Forecast/ 
Advisory at for more


An eastern Atlantic tropical wave extends along 17W, from 02N to
17N, moving W at 15 kt. Scattered moderate convection is observed
from 05N to 15N, between the coast of Africa and 20W.

A central Atlantic tropical wave extends along 33W, from 07N to 
20N, moving W at 10 kt. There is no significant convection
associated with this wave.


The monsoon trough extends from the coast of Mauritania near
17N16W to 07N34W and from 11N40W to 09N47W. The ITCZ continues
from 09N47W to 11N58W. Convection is isolated and weak along these


The gradient between high pressure over northern Mexico and
Hurricane Ian east of northern Florida is supporting moderate to
fresh northerly flow across the basin. Seas are 6-8 ft on an
abating trend.

For the forecast, the pressure gradient between high pressure 
over the Gulf waters and Hurricane Ian located E of Florida 
supports an area of fresh northerly winds over the eastern Gulf, 
mainly E of 85W, with seas in the 8 to 9 ft range. Fresh NW to N 
winds and seas of 8-9 ft are also noted over the SW Gulf, 
including the Veracruz area. Winds and seas are forecast to 
gradually diminish over the Gulf region overnight. Looking ahead, 
a cold front may enter the NE Gulf late Sat or Sun then stall and 
dissipate across the area early next week.


An upper-level trough over the eastern Caribbean is supporting
scattered moderate convection from 11N to 18N, between the Lesser
Antilles and 63W. Similar convection is noted south of 
Hispaniola. Otherwise, Hurricane Ian to the north is actually 
improving conditions by interrupting the usual pressure gradient. 
Winds are gentle to moderate across the basin with slight seas. 
The only exception is in the extreme NW basin, where 4-8 ft 
northerly swell is propagating through the Yucatan Channel from 
the Gulf of Mexico.

For the forecast, large N swell produced from Ian will continue 
to spread through the Yucatan Channel through tonight. A surface 
trough is forecast to persist over the NW Caribbean through at 
least Sun. Moderate to fresh N winds are expected W of the trough 
through Fri night. Elsewhere gentle to moderate winds and slight 
to moderate seas will persist across the basin. 


For details on Tropical Storm Ian, centered just offshore
Jacksonville, FL, please read the Special Features section above.
Winds of 20 kt or greater associated with the circulation of Ian 
currently extend over the waters to the west of 72W and north of 
26N. Seas of 8 ft or greater associated with Ian extend over the 
waters west of 72W and north of 27N.

In the central Atlantic, winds are mainly gentle to moderate from
the east with 4 to 6 ft seas. The only exception is a small area
of decreasing fresh winds and abating 6-8 ft seas in the vicinity
of Post-Tropical Depression Eleven near 20N37W. In the eastern 
Atlantic, a tighter pressure gradient is supporting moderate to 
fresh NE winds with 6-8 ft seas.

For the forecast west of 55W, Hurricane Ian near 30.2N 79.3W 986 
mb at 11 PM EDT moving NNE at 9 kt. Maximum sustained winds 70 kt
gusts 85 kt. Ian will move to 31.7N 79.1W Fri morning, move 
inland and weaken to a tropical storm near 34.0N 79.6W Fri 
evening, weaken as an extratropical cyclone near 36.0N 80.4W Sat 
morning, 37.5N 81.0W Sat evening, and dissipate Sun morning.