AXNT20 KNHC 142316
Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
616 PM EST Sat Dec 14 2019
Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 32N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.
Based on 1800 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through
The monsoon trough extends from Guinea near 06N11W to 06N20W. The
ITCZ continues from 06N20W to 00N50W. Scattered moderate
convection is from 00N-09N between 20W-48W.
GULF OF MEXICO...
A cold front extends across the southeast Gulf from 25N81W to
22N89W. Scattered showers prevail along the front. Surface ridge
is building across the remainder of the basin, anchored by a 1015
mb high centered near 24N93W. Scatterometer data depicts moderate
to fresh winds across the eastern Gulf mainly north of the front,
while light to gentle winds prevails elsewhere.
The cold front will continue to move SE of the area tonight.
Fresh to strong southerly return flow will develop over the
western Gulf on Sun and persist through early Mon. A strong cold
front will move off the Texas coast Mon night, extend from the
Florida Panhandle to the Bay of Campeche Tue, then move across the
SE Gulf on Wed. Gale force northerly winds are expected west of
the front near the coast of Mexico Tue through Wed.
A surface trough is over the central Caribbean from 20N76W to
11N76W. Scattered showers are noted over the northern Caribbean
mainly north of 17N between 69W-78W. Another surface trough is
noted in scatterometer data over the southwestern waters from
15N82W to 11N82W. Moderate to fresh winds prevail west of the
trough. Scatterometer data depicts moderate to fresh winds over
the eastern half of the basin, while light winds prevail over the
Moderate easterly winds will prevail across the central and
eastern Caribbean through Sun. Winds and seas will increase east
of 80W Sun night through early next week as high pressure builds
north of the area. A strong cold front will reach the Yucatan
Channel Wed afternoon, extend from western Cuba to the Gulf of
Honduras Wed night, then stall and weaken over the northern
Caribbean on Thu.
A cold front extends across the west Atlantic, from 31N78W to
27N80W. Scattered moderate convection prevails along and within
330 nm east of the front. This convection is being enhanced by
upper-level diffluence. To the east, surface ridging prevails
across the basin, anchored by a 1038 mb high centered near 44N50W.
In the upper levels, an upper-level trough is over the eastern
Atlantic, and is producing scattered showers from 15N-25N between
The cold front will quickly pass eastward across the northern
waters, with strong southerly flow prevailing ahead of the front
and N of 28N through Sun. The front will stall and weaken east of
the area Sun night and Mon. A stronger cold front will move off
the southeast U.S. coast Tue night, extend from 31N70W across the
Bahamas to central Cuba on Wed night, then cross the southern
Bahamas on Thu. Strong northerly winds and building seas are
expected across much of the region following frontal passage.