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Atlantic Tropical Weather Discussion

AXNT20 KNHC 051109

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
1205 UTC Wed Oct 05 2022

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 31N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 0600 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through 
1100 UTC. 


Tropical Depression Twelve...
As of 05/0900 UTC, Tropical Depression Twelve is centered near
15.8N 31.2W or about 420 nm west of the Cabo Verde Islands. It is
moving NW at 7 kt, with an estimated minimum central pressure of 
1007 mb. Maximum sustained winds are 30 kt with gusts to 40 kt. 
Combined seas are in the 8-11 ft range near and north of the 
center. Satellite imagery shows that the depression is a sheared
system, with its center displaced to the southwest of the 
main area of related convection. This convection consists of 
numerous type intensity within about 240 nm of the center of 
the depression. The depression is forecast to maintain its
current motion through Thu. Little change in strength is forecast
and the system is expected to dissipate in a couple of days.
Please read the latest High Seas Forecast issued by Meteo-France
at website and the latest NHC 
Forecast/Advisory and Public Advisory at for
more details. 

Tropical Wave/Broad Low Pressure... 
A tropical wave is approaching the Windward Islands, with axis 
along 60W and south of 17N to near the Guyana- Suriname border. 
Low pressure of 1007 mb is along the wave axis near 12N60W. This 
system is moving westward around 13 kt. Fresh to strong east to 
southeast winds along with seas of 8-10 ft are evident up to 270 
nm north and east of the low center, including waters near 
Barbados. An overnight ASCAT pass captured these winds. Satellite 
imagery shows numerous moderate to scattered strong convection in 
clusters from the Venezuela- Guyana coast to 13N between 57W and 
60W. Some of the surface observations from the Windward Islands 
indicated southeast winds gusting to gale force. For the chances 
of further development on this system, it is medium for the next 
48 hours and high for the next 5 days. Regardless of development, 
heavy rainfall with localized flooding, as well as gusty winds to 
gale force, are expected over portions of the Windward Islands, 
northern portions of South America, and the ABC Islands during the
next couple of days. Interests in those locations, in addition to
those in Central America, should continue to monitor the progress
of this system. Please refer to the latest NHC Tropical Weather 
Outlook at for more details.


The monsoon trough axis enters the Atlantic Ocean along the 
African coast near the Senegal-Gambia border and continues 
west-northwestward to Tropical Depression Twelve, and from
there southwestward to 10N37W and to 09N42W, where overnight 
scatterometer data indicates that it transitions to the ITCZ 
to 08N47W and to 12N56W. Besides convection associated with 
Tropical Depression Twelve, scattered moderate to isolated strong 
convection is within 60 nm north of the trough between 35W-39W, 
and scattered moderate convection is south of the trough from 09N 
to 12N between 28W-32W and also within 30 nm of the ITCZ between 

The eastern segment of the East Pacific monsoon trough is 
triggering scattered to numerous moderate to strong convection in 
the extreme southwestern Caribbean south of 11n from the coastal 
section of Colombia to the waters along the coasts of southern 
Costa Rica and Panama.


A surface trough is analyzed south of Louisiana from near 29N92W 
to 25N91.5W. Isolated showers are near the trough. The trough is 
moving westward. A dry cold front extends from the the upper 
Florida Keys westward to near 25N88W. Otherwise, relatively weak 
high pressure is present over the area. Partial overnight ASCAT 
data passes depict gentle to moderate northeast to east winds 
along with seas of 2-3 ft over the eastern Gulf and Bay of 
Campeche. Mainly gentle northeast winds along with low seas of 1-2
ft remain over the rest of the Gulf.

For the forecast, the aforementioned cold front will slowly move 
southward across the rest of the southeastern Gulf this morning, 
and continue to weaken as it reaches the Straits of Florida on 
Fri, where it will stall and dissipate by late Sat. High pressure 
north of the area will maintain gentle to moderate easterly winds 
and slight to moderate seas through Thu. Another cold front is 
expected to move into the northern Gulf Fri, the central Gulf Sat 
and the southeastern Gulf and Straits of Florida Sun and Sun 
night, then stall. Expect fresh northeast to east winds across the
southeastern Gulf starting Fri and through Sun night as the 
pressure gradient tightens between high pressure north of the 
fronts and lower pressure in the western Caribbean. 


Please read the Special Features section for more details on the
tropical wave and associated broad low pressure area located east
of the southern Windward Islands.

A 1010 mb low is analyzed offshore the northern Nicaragua coast 
near 15.5N82W. A trough extends northeastward from the low to 
near 20N79W, and another trough extends from the low southeastward
to near 12N81W. Scattered showers and thunderstorms are noted 
over the west central basin, including the Cayman Islands. Refer 
to the Monsoon Trough/ITCZ section for additional weather in the 
Caribbean Basin. Moderate to locally fresh easterly winds and seas
of 5-7 ft are over the eastern basin. Gentle to moderate 
northeast to east winds and seas of 3-5 ft are over the central 
section of the sea. Light to gentle, with locally moderate 
northerly winds and seas of 2-4 ft continue over the western 
section of the sea.

For the forecast, the broad low pressure mentioned in the Special
Features section will move across the Caribbean through Sat 
night, possibly as a tropical cyclone. It will bring strong winds, 
some with possible brief gusts to gale force and rough seas to 
the Leeward and Windward Islands tonight, the eastern and central 
Caribbean through Fri, and the southwestern Caribbean through Sat 
night before moving into Central America. Interests across the 
region should monitor the progress of this system. Elsewhere, 
gentle to moderate NE winds with slight to moderate seas are 
expected through late Fri, except for winds increasing to moderate
to fresh over most of the western Caribbean Fri through Sun night
as the pressure gradient tightens between the low pressure and 
strong high pressure north of the Caribbean.


Please read the Special Features section for details on Tropical 
Depression Twelve in the eastern Atlantic Basin, and the broad
low pressure east of the Windward Islands.

A mostly dry cold front is analyzed from a position of about 210
nm west of Bermuda, south-southwestward to 31N70W, to 27N73W and 
to the upper Florida Keys. Convergent southerly winds to the east
are resulting in pockets of scattered moderate convection from 
22N to 27N between 58W-69W A pronounced upper-level low near 
26N34W is generating scattered moderate convection from 25N 
to 27N between 33W-35W, and farther east from the northern Cabo 
Verde Islands northeastward to the Canary Islands.

The pressure gradient related to high pressure ridging near and 
north of 31N is channeling gentle to locally moderate northeast
to east to southeast winds. Seas produced by these winds are 
3-4 ft north of 21N between the northwest African coast and 65W. 
Farther west, moderate north to northeast winds and seas of
7-9 ft due to a north to northeast swell are present behind 
the aforementioned cold front, while mainly gentle south to
southwest winds and seas of 5-7 ft are east of the front to 65W. 
Over the southern part of the area, outside the influence of the 
broad low pressure, gentle to locally moderate northeast to 
northeast to east winds and seas of 3-5 ft seas are evident from 
10N to 21N between 34W and the Lesser Antilles. For the remainder 
of the Atlantic Basin outside the vicinity of the waters near 
Tropical Depression Twelve, light to gentle monsoonal and 
southerly winds with 5-7 ft seas in southerly swell are present.

For the forecast west of 55W, the dry cold front will stall from 
near Bermuda to the central Bahamas and the Straits of Florida 
Fri. The front will dissipate by late Sat. Another cold front will
sweep southeastward reaching from near Bermuda to the central 
Bahamas and to vicinity South Florida and the Straits of Florida 
Sun and also stall. Expect for northeast winds to increase to 
fresh speeds over the southwest part of the area and Straits of 
Florida starting late Thu as the gradient tightens between the 
fronts and strong high pressure to the north of them. Seas to 9 ft
in northeast swell north of the Bahamas and east of northeast 
Florida will subside by early this afternoon.