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Atlantic Tropical Weather Discussion

AXNT20 KNHC 260044 AAA

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
844 PM EDT Tue Sep 25 2018

Updatec Special Features section

Tropical Weather Discussion for North America, Central America
Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, northern sections of South
America, and Atlantic Ocean to the African coast from the
Equator to 32N. The following information is based on satellite
imagery, weather observations, radar and meteorological analysis.

Based on 1800 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through 
2345 UTC.

...Special Features...Updated

A 1014 mb low is centered about 175 nm south of Cape Hatteras, 
North Carolina. A surface trough extends southwestward from the 
low to near 29N77W. According to reports from an Ar Force 
Reserve Hurricane Hunter aircraft the circulation associated 
with this low pressure area has become better defined.
Latest satellite imagery shows that associated shower and 
thunderstorm activity is rather disorganized, and the low has 
not yet developed into a tropical depression. Only scattered 
moderate convection is seen removed to the NE and E of the 
center within 30 nm of line from 32N74W to 33N74W to 34N74W and 
34N75W. Some additional development is possible tonight as the 
low moves northward near or over portions of extreme eastern 
North Carolina. After tonight, development appears unlikely due 
to strong upper-level winds while the system moves generally 
north-northeastward near the eastern United States coast. 
Regardless of development, this system is likely to bring 
scattered showers and thunderstorms across portions of eastern 
South Carolina and eastern North Carolina tonight. In addition, 
dangerous surf conditions and rip currents are expected along 
portions of the North Carolina coast tonight. There is a medium 
chance of of this system becoming a tropical cyclone during the 
next 48 hours. For more information, please see products from 
your local National Weather Service office. 

The remnant of Kirk is analyzed as a 1007 mb low near 12N48.5W or
about 650 nm east of the Windward Islands. A tropical wave 
extends from the low to near 17N, and south of the low to near 
04N. This system is moving westward at about 22 kt. The 
associated shower and thunderstorm activity has become a little 
better organized during the last several hours, however, the 
system still appears to lack a closed circulation.Scattered 
moderate convection is within 120 nm of the low in the SE and NW
quadrants, and within 90 nm of the low in the NE and SW quadrants.
This system continues to produce winds to near gale force on its 
north side. This disturbance is likely to redevelop into a 
tropical cyclone during the next day or two before it moves into 
an area of highly unfavorable upper-level winds as it approaches 
the Caribbean Sea. Interests in the Windward and Leeward Islands 
should monitor the progress of this disturbance as gusty winds and
locally heavy rains are likely over the next couple of days even 
if the system does not redevelop into a tropical cyclone. There 
is a high chance of redevelopment of this system within the next 
48 hours. For more information on this system, see High Seas 
Forecasts issued by the National Weather Service.


A far eastern Atlantic tropical wave has its axis along 21W from 
03N to 17N, moving westward at 10 to 15 kt. A 700 mb trough 
associated with this wave is well depicted in model guidance. 
Saharan air is not as prevalent near the wave as it was yesterday.
The SAL has moved out ahead of the wave and is not as dense, as 
suggested by GOES-16 Geo-color imagery and split-window imagery. 
Isolated showers and thunderstorms are within 150 nm west and 120 
nm east of the wave axis from 11N to 14N.

A tropical wave has its axis along 59W south of 19N, moving
westward at 15 kt. The wave corresponds with a moisture maximum 
in TPW imagery. In addition, satellite imagery depicts ample deep
moisture in the form of multilayer clouds surrounding the wave 
south of 17N. Scattered showers and thunderstorms are underneath 
these clouds from 08N to 15N between 57W and 62W, including the 
Windward Islands Gusty winds are possible with some of this 
activity. This activity is likely to continue through Wed morning.


The monsoon trough axis extends from the African coast near the
border of Senegal/Guinea-Bissau border to 07N21W and to 07N25W. 
The ITCZ begins at 06N27W and continues to 07N36W to 10N44W, then 
resumes west of the remnants of Kirk near 08N48W to near the coast
of Suriname near 06N57W. Outside of the convection mentioned with
the two tropical waves and the remnants of Kirk, scattered 
moderate isolated strong convection is within 60 nm north of the
ITCZ between 25W-30W and between 31W-36W. Similar activity is
within 30 nm south of the ITCZ between 30W-32W. Scattered moderate
convection is within 30 nm north of the trough between 18W-20W,
and along the coast of Africa from 14N to 17N.



Upper-level diffluence over the north-central Gulf Coast is 
enhancing scattered showers and isolated thunderstorms north of 
27N between 84W-90W. A thermal trough over the east-central Bay of
Campeche is weakening and is no longer producing any significant 
shower activity. A surface trough will develop over the Yucatan 
peninsula each evening, shift W over the SW Gulf each night, then 
dissipate each morning. Elsewhere across the Gulf, gentle to 
moderate winds will increase to between moderate and fresh during 
the second half of this week as high pressure builds N of the 


Scattered showers and thunderstorms ahead of a tropical wave that
is approaching the Windward Islands have moved into the far
eastern Caribbean, and are south of 17N east of 64W to across 
the Windward Islands. Isolated showers and thunderstorms are 
elsewhere over the eastern Caribbean. The eastern Pacific 
monsoon trough combined with diffluence aloft earlier enhanced 
scattered moderate to isolated strong convection in the SW 
Caribbean. Over the past few hours, this activity has diminished 
to scattered showers and isolated thunderstorms. Scattered
moderate convection over the interior sections of Honduras and 
Nicaragua are gradually diminishing, with the heaviest of this 
activity now having shifted to the western sections of those
countries. Expect fresh to strong winds over the central 
Caribbean through midweek, with moderate to fresh winds thereafter
through Friday.


Currently, there are three tropical waves in the tropical Atlantic
between Africa and the Lesser Antilles. There is also a low with 
development potential off the southeast coast of the U.S. For
information on those features, please read the Special Features 
and Tropical Waves sections above.

A cold front is analyzed from near 32N52W to near 30N60W, where 
it becomes a dissipating stationary front to 31N64W. Little to no 
shower activity is observed with the front at this time.

A surface trough is analyzed from just north of the area at 33N41W
to 26N45W to 23N53W and to near 21N62W. Scattered moderate
isolated strong convection is within 90 to 120 nm east of the 
trough north of 25N.

Elsewhere, ridging over the northeast Atlantic is helping to 
create fair weather north of 20N and east of 35W.

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