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Hurricane EARL

Hurricane Earl Discussion Number  22
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL062022
500 AM AST Thu Sep 08 2022
Earl has developed a 20-30 n mi wide eye in infrared satellite 
imagery, although a recent Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunter flight 
indicates that the circulation is still tilted toward the east with 
height due to continued moderate shear.  That said, this particular 
flight measured a peak 700-mb flight-level wind of 97 kt and SFMR 
winds as high as 82 kt, while the central pressure dropped to 969 
mb.  Recent research on SFMR measurements from the NOAA Hurricane 
Research Division and the University of Miami has shown that the 
SFMR undersampling for a hurricane of Earl's size is typically 
about 10 percent, which would suggest that the maximum winds are up 
to around 90 kt.  This estimate also more closely aligns to the 
107-kt flight-level wind measured by the NOAA Hurricane Hunter 
flight last evening.

The reconnaissance mission found Earl's low-level center to be 
located just a bit to the west of the previous forecast track, and 
it's still moving toward the north (005 degrees) at 8 kt.  With a 
shortwave trough now moving off the New England and Mid-Atlantic 
coasts, Earl is expected to turn north-northeastward and begin 
accelerating later today, with its center forecast to pass 
50-100 n mi to the southeast of Bermuda during the next 12 to 24 
hours.  Earl should then turn northeastward in about 36 hours and 
reach its fastest forward speed in about 48 hours.  Soon thereafter, 
Earl is forecast to become embedded within the aforementioned 
trough, which will cause it to slow down considerably and possibly 
even meander to the southeast of Newfoundland in 3 to 4 days.  The 
new NHC track prediction is shifted a bit westward during the first 
48 hours, mainly to account for the recent movement of Earl's 
center.  The forecast is a bit north of and slower than the previous 
forecast on days 3 through 5, shifted toward the GFS, ECMWF, and 
multi-model consensus aids.

Deep-layer shear is expected to decrease to less than 10 kt in just 
a few hours.  Along with waters remaining at or above 29 degrees 
Celsius for the next 36 hours, the more conducive atmospheric 
conditions are expected to cause Earl to strengthen further, 
reaching major hurricane intensity later today, and likely peaking 
in strength in 36-48 hours.  Earl will start to become involved 
with a frontal boundary and deep-layer trough in about 48 hours, 
and its transition to a powerful extratropical cyclone is now 
expected to be complete to the southeast of Newfoundland by 60 
hours.  The extratropical low is expected to weaken rather quickly, 
with its winds falling below hurricane force between days 3 and 4.  
The NHC intensity prediction closely follows the IVCN and HCCA 
consensus aids for much of the 5-day forecast period.
1.  Although Earl's center is forecast to pass southeast of Bermuda,
tropical-storm-force winds are expected on the island this 
afternoon through early Friday morning.  Hurricane-force winds are 
possible on Bermuda this evening or tonight if Earl's track shifts 
farther west than is currently forecast.
2.  Swells generated by Earl are building near Bermuda and are 
expected to reach the U.S. East Coast later today and tonight.  
These swells are likely to cause life-threatening surf and rip 
current conditions through the weekend.  Please consult products 
from your local weather office.
INIT  08/0900Z 28.2N  65.4W   90 KT 105 MPH
 12H  08/1800Z 29.6N  64.8W  100 KT 115 MPH
 24H  09/0600Z 32.0N  63.0W  110 KT 125 MPH
 36H  09/1800Z 35.1N  59.7W  115 KT 130 MPH
 48H  10/0600Z 39.1N  55.5W  115 KT 130 MPH
 60H  10/1800Z 42.4N  51.7W   95 KT 110 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
 72H  11/0600Z 44.3N  49.0W   70 KT  80 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
 96H  12/0600Z 45.4N  47.1W   45 KT  50 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H  13/0600Z 46.7N  41.7W   40 KT  45 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
Forecaster Berg