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Hurricane SALLY

Hurricane Sally Discussion Number  16...Corrected
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL192020
400 AM CDT Tue Sep 15 2020

Corrected Key Messages 2 and 3
There has been little change overall in Sally's convective 
structure in both satellite and Doppler radar data. An eye has tried 
to close off several times this morning, but after less than 30 
minutes the southern eyewall has eroded. Until just recently, the 
central pressure had been steady for the past several hours at 986 
mb. However, the most recent Air Force Reserve reconnaissance pass 
through Sally's center reported a dropsonde pressure of 984 mb and 
13 kt winds, which equals a pressure of 983 mb. Maximum 700-mb
flight-level winds observed have only been 63 kt and peak SFMR 
winds have been 58 kt. Also, reports from nearby oil rigs have 
dropped off significantly since yesterday are are now in the 40-50 
kt range. Based on these data, the initial intensity has been 
lowered to 75 kt.
The initial motion estimate to 300/02 kt. After a brief jog due 
west, it appears that Sally has resumed a slow drift toward the 
west-northwest. Sally is embedded within weak steering flow based 
on 0000Z upper-air data indicating 500-mb heights of 5900 meters 
and slightly higher surrounding the cyclone from Florida northward 
into the Tennessee Valley and then westward into the central and 
southern Plains. This weak steering pattern is expected to persist 
for the next few days, with a weak mid-level trough forecast to 
move into the Missouri and Tennessee Valleys by Wednesday and 
Thursday, which will gradually lift Sally northward and then 
northeastward. Sally is forecast to merge with a frontal system by 
day 4 or 5. The new NHC forecast track is similar to the previous 
advisory and lies down the middle of the rather divergent model 
guidance envelope.
Sally is now expected to remain in a moderate to high mid-to 
upper-level wind shear environment. Ina addition, some modest 
upwelling is likely occurring in the inner-core region based a SST 
decrease of nearly 2 deg F during the past 24 hours based on data 
from buoy 42012. After the Sally makes landfall, rapid weakening is 
forecast and Sally should become post-tropical in 3 days or less.
Users are reminded to not focus on the exact forecast track or the
specific timing and location of landfall.  Hurricane-force winds,
dangerous storm surge, and flooding rainfall will affect a large
portion of the north-central Gulf Coast during the next few days.
1. It is still too early to determine where Sally's center will move
onshore given the uncertainty in the timing and location of Sally's
northward turn near the central Gulf Coast.  Users should not focus
on the details of the official forecast track, since NHC's average
forecast error at 36 hours is around 60 miles, and dangerous storm
surge, rainfall, and wind hazards will extend well away from the
2. An extremely dangerous and life-threatening storm surge is 
expected for areas outside the southeastern Louisiana Hurricane and 
Storm Damage Risk Reduction System from the Mouth of the Mississippi 
River to the Okaloosa/Walton County Line in the Florida Panhandle, 
where a Storm Surge Warning is in effect.  Residents in these areas 
should follow any advice given by local officials.
3. Hurricane conditions are expected today within the Hurricane 
Warning area along the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines and the 
western Florida Panhandle. Tropical storm conditions are already 
occurring in some of these areas.
4. Historic flooding is possible with extreme life-threatening flash 
flooding likely through Wednesday along and just inland of the 
central Gulf Coast from the western Florida Panhandle to far 
southeastern Mississippi.  Widespread moderate to major flooding on 
area rivers is forecast along and just inland of the central Gulf 
Coast. Significant flash and urban flooding, as well as widespread 
minor to moderate river flooding is likely across inland portions of 
Mississippi, Alabama, northern Georgia, and the western Carolinas 
through the week. 
INIT  15/0900Z 28.9N  88.1W   75 KT  85 MPH
 12H  15/1800Z 29.2N  88.4W   75 KT  85 MPH
 24H  16/0600Z 29.9N  88.5W   75 KT  85 MPH
 36H  16/1800Z 30.6N  88.3W   60 KT  70 MPH...INLAND
 48H  17/0600Z 31.4N  87.5W   35 KT  40 MPH...INLAND
 60H  17/1800Z 32.2N  86.2W   25 KT  30 MPH...INLAND
 72H  18/0600Z 32.8N  84.6W   20 KT  25 MPH...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
 96H  19/0600Z 33.2N  81.3W   20 KT  25 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H  20/0600Z...DISSIPATED
Forecaster Stewart