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Tropical Storm GONZALO

Tropical Storm Gonzalo Discussion Number   4
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL072020
1100 AM AST Wed Jul 22 2020
Satellite imagery indicates that the cyclone has become 
significantly better organized since the last advisory.  Visible 
imagery shows a well-defined central dense overcast with a hint of 
an eye and an outer convective band in the western semicircle, while 
a 09Z GMI microwave overpass showed a well-defined inner convective 
ring feature.  Various subjective and objective satellite intensity 
estimates range from 35-55 kt, so the initial intensity is raised to 
a possibly conservative 45 kt.

The initial motion is now 270/10.  Gonzalo is on the south side of 
a low- to mid-level subtropical ridge, and this feature should 
steer the storm generally westward at a faster forward speed for 
the next 3 days or so.  After that time, a motion toward the 
west-northwest is expected.  The new NHC forecast track is little 
changed from the previous track, and it lies very close to the 
consensus models.

The intensity forecast remains very problematic and of low 
confidence. On one side, the cyclone has been strengthening quickly 
and the good organization suggests additional, and possibly rapid, 
strengthening should occur.  In addition, the SHIPS-based guidance 
and the HWRF make the system a hurricane and keep that intensity 
through 120 h.  On the other side, the GFS, UKMET, ECMWF, and 
Canadian models are not big fans of this system, as they all 
forecast it to either be a weak low or dissipated by 120 h, possibly 
due to dry air entrainment and large-scale subsidence.  The NHC 
intensity forecast again compromises between these extremes, showing 
Gonzalo peaking as a hurricane in 36-48 h, followed by weakening in 
deference to the global models.  The new intensity forecast has 
significantly higher intensities than the previous forecast for most 
of the forecast period based on the recent intensification.  As 
noted before, the small size of this system makes it susceptible to 
significant fluctuations in intensity, both upward and downward.
Interests in the southern Windward Islands should monitor the
progress of this system.

Gonzalo is the earliest 7th named storm on record in the Atlantic 
basin, beating Gert of 2005 by 2 days.
Key Messages

1. Gonzalo is expected to move near or over the southern Windward 
Islands this weekend, and could bring direct impacts from winds and 
heavy rainfall. While it is too soon to determine the magnitude and 
timing of those impacts, interests in the southern Windward Islands 
should monitor the progress of Gonzalo.
INIT  22/1500Z  9.9N  43.6W   45 KT  50 MPH
 12H  23/0000Z 10.0N  45.3W   55 KT  65 MPH
 24H  23/1200Z 10.0N  47.7W   65 KT  75 MPH
 36H  24/0000Z 10.1N  50.2W   70 KT  80 MPH
 48H  24/1200Z 10.4N  52.8W   70 KT  80 MPH
 60H  25/0000Z 10.7N  55.6W   65 KT  75 MPH
 72H  25/1200Z 11.4N  58.8W   60 KT  70 MPH
 96H  26/1200Z 13.0N  66.0W   50 KT  60 MPH
120H  27/1200Z 15.0N  71.5W   40 KT  45 MPH
Forecaster Beven