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Tropical Storm CRISTOBAL

Tropical Storm Cristobal Discussion Number  23
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL032020
400 AM CDT Sun Jun 07 2020
Cristobal continues to resemble a subtropical cyclone more than a 
tropical cyclone.  The convection near the center remains limited, 
although it has become a little better organized during the past 
several hours.  In addition, aircraft and scatterometer data show 
that the radius of maximum winds remains at or above 90 n mi.  
These data also suggest that a 45 kt intensity may be a bit 
generous, but since the central pressure remains near 993 mb the 
intensity has not changed for this advisory.

The initial motion is 360/10 between a deep-layer ridge to 
Cristobal's east and a mid- to upper-level trough over the western 
Gulf of Mexico.  This general motion should continue for 12-18 h, 
followed by a turn toward the north-northwest due to a mid-latitude 
ridge passing north of the cyclone.  After 36 h, a turn toward the 
north and north-northeast is expected as Cristobal or its remnants 
encounter the mid-latitude westerlies.  There are no important 
changes to either the track guidance or the forecast track since the 
last advisory.

The broad nature of the cyclone and significant dry air entrainment 
is likely to prevent intensification before landfall, and the new 
intensity forecast holds the intensity constant at 45 kt until 
that time.  Weakening is expected after landfall, with Cristobal 
weakening below tropical-storm strength just after the 24 h point. 
The new intensity forecast shows slight re-intensification as the 
system become extratropical at 72-96 h in agreement with the global 
model guidance.

Cristobal remains a broad and asymmetric storm.  Therefore, one 
should not focus on the exact forecast track, as the associated 
winds, storm surge, and rainfall will extend well away the center.
Key Messages:
1. There is a danger of life-threatening storm surge outside of the
Hurricane and Storm Damage Risk Reduction System from the Mouth of
the Mississippi River to Ocean Springs, Mississippi, and a Storm
Surge Warning is in effect for those areas.  Life-threatening storm
surge remains possible in other portions of southern and
southeastern Louisiana where a Storm Surge Watch is in effect.
Residents in these locations should follow advice given by local
emergency officials.
2. Tropical storm force winds should spread along the northern Gulf 
coast from central Louisiana to the western Florida Panhandle, 
including metropolitan New Orleans today, and a Tropical Storm 
Warning is in effect for this area.  These winds will arrive well 
in advance of and extend well east of Cristobal’s center.
3. Heavy rainfall will continue across north Florida this morning, 
spreading from east to west across the eastern and central Gulf 
Coast from the Florida Panhandle into Louisiana today. The Central 
Gulf Coast region will be most prone to issues after the passage of 
the center of Cristobal from Sunday night into Monday. This heavy 
rain will move up the Lower and Mid Mississippi Valley Monday into 
Tuesday, then across the Upper Mississippi Valley and Northern 
Plains Tuesday and Tuesday night. Flash flooding, and new and 
renewed significant river flooding is possible, especially where 
heavier rainfall occurs over portions of the Gulf Coast through the 
Mississippi Valley.
INIT  07/0900Z 27.3N  90.1W   45 KT  50 MPH
 12H  07/1800Z 28.7N  90.3W   45 KT  50 MPH
 24H  08/0600Z 30.8N  91.2W   35 KT  40 MPH...INLAND
 36H  08/1800Z 33.3N  92.3W   30 KT  35 MPH...INLAND
 48H  09/0600Z 36.6N  92.6W   25 KT  30 MPH...INLAND
 60H  09/1800Z 40.9N  91.4W   25 KT  30 MPH...INLAND
 72H  10/0600Z 46.0N  89.0W   30 KT  35 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
 96H  11/0600Z 52.0N  84.5W   30 KT  35 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
Forecaster Beven