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Hurricane JOAQUIN


500 PM EDT THU OCT 01 2015

The earlier Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunter aircraft reported
700-mb flight-level winds of 120 kt in the southwestern eyewall,
with a subsequent 114-kt surface wind estimate from the Stepped
Frequency Microwave Radiometer in the southeastern eyewall.  The
last central pressure extrapolated from the aircraft data was 936
mb.  In addition, satellite intensity estimates from TAFB, SAB,
and CIMSS are now in the 115-127 kt range.  Based on these data, the
intensity was increased to 115 kt at 1800 UTC, making Joaquin a
Category 4 hurricane.  While this advisory will not increase the
intensity any further, it is expected that the next aircraft
arriving in the hurricane near 0000 UTC will find a stronger system.

Joaquin is expected to intensify a little more during the next 12
hours or so as it remains over very warm waters and in an
environment of decreasing vertical shear.  After that time, there
could be some fluctuations in intensity due to eyewall replacement
cycles.  While there remains some uncertainty regarding the
intensity in the 48-96 hour range, the new forecast is
similar to the previous forecast in calling for a steady weakening
during this period.  Overall, the intensity forecast lies near the
upper edge of the guidance envelope.

Joaquin has moved with a more westward component during the past few
hours and the initial motion is now 235/5.  Water vapor imagery
shows a mid- to upper-level ridge north of the hurricane, with a
developing deep-layer trough over the eastern and southeastern
United States. The dynamical models forecast this trough to become a
cut-off low as it moves southeastward and weakens the ridge.  This
pattern evolution should cause Joaquin to turn northward in 12-24
hours. The guidance after 48 hours has changed somewhat since the
last advisory, with the GFS and the UKMET moving farther to the east
and lying closer to the ECMWF.  In addition, the HWRF has made a
big jump to the east and now shows an offshore track.  These changes
have pushed the consensus models farther eastward.
The Canadian, GFDL, and NAVGEM models are holdouts, however - still
calling for Joaquin to interact with the United States trough and
turn northwestward toward the U. S. coast.  The new forecast track
is adjusted to the east of the previous forecast between 48-120
hours, but it still lies well to the left of the GFS, UKMET, ECMWF,
HWRF, and the consensus models. Further eastward adjustments to the
track are likely.


1.  Joaquin's slow motion means that extremely dangerous conditions
will continue over portions of the warning areas in the Bahamas well
into Friday.

2.  A strong majority of the forecast models are now in agreement on
a track farther away from the United States east coast.   We are
becoming optimistic that the Carolinas and the mid-Atlantic states
will avoid the direct effects from Joaquin.  However, we cannot yet
completely rule out direct impacts along on the east coast, and
residents there should continue to follow the progress of Joaquin
over the next couple of days.

3.  Efforts to provide the forecast models with as much data as
possible continue, with twice daily NOAA G-IV jet missions in the
storm environment, and extra NWS balloon launches.

4.  Even if Joaquin moves out to sea, strong onshore winds
associated with a frontal system will create minor to moderate
coastal flooding along the coasts of the mid-Atlantic and
northeastern states through the weekend.  In addition, very heavy
rains, not associated with Joaquin, are expected to produce flooding
over portions of the Atlantic coastal states.  Please see products
issued by local NWS Forecast Offices.


INIT  01/2100Z 23.0N  74.4W  115 KT 130 MPH
 12H  02/0600Z 23.2N  74.7W  120 KT 140 MPH
 24H  02/1800Z 24.4N  74.7W  120 KT 140 MPH
 36H  03/0600Z 25.9N  74.1W  120 KT 140 MPH
 48H  03/1800Z 28.4N  73.3W  110 KT 125 MPH
 72H  04/1800Z 33.0N  72.5W   90 KT 105 MPH
 96H  05/1800Z 37.0N  72.0W   70 KT  80 MPH
120H  06/1800Z 41.0N  69.0W   55 KT  65 MPH

Forecaster Beven