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Tropical Storm OTTO Forecast Discussion


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000
WTNT41 KNHC 250254
TCDAT1

TROPICAL STORM OTTO DISCUSSION NUMBER  17
NWS NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL       AL162016
900 PM CST THU NOV 24 2016

Radar data from Las Nubes, Nicaragua, indicate that the core of Otto
has remained well organized since landfall, with an eye still
discernible.  On the other hand, the convective clouds associated
with the cyclone have warmed considerably since landfall.  There
have been no surface observations from the core, so the initial
intensity is reduced to a somewhat uncertain 60 kt based on the
decay in the satellite appearance.

The initial motion estimate is 265/11.  Otto is located over
northwestern Costa Rica and should emerge into the Pacific during
the next few hours.  Easterly steering flow on the south side of a
deep-layer ridge located over the northwestern Caribbean Sea and
southern Mexico is expected to keep Otto moving in a westward to
west-southwestward direction for the next 72 hours or so.  After
that time, the cyclone or its remnants are expected to reach the
end of the ridge and turn northwestward.  The new forecast track is
similar to the previous track through 72 hours, then is shifted a
little to the left of the track based on a shift in the consensus
models.

During the first 36 hours over the Pacific, Otto is likely to be
over warm sea surface temperatures in an environment of moderate to
strong easterly vertical wind shear.  The intensity forecast during
this time will show a slow weakening in agreement with the previous
forecast due to the uncertainties in the strength of the shear.
However, given the level of organization it would not be surprising
if some intensification occurred.  Around 48 hours, the cyclone is
likely to encounter cooler sea surface temperatures which should
cause a faster weakening.  From 72-120 hours, Otto is expected to
move over warmer water with decreasing shear at the same time it
encounters a much drier air mass.  The intensity forecast uses the
premise that the dry air will cause the system to decay and thus
calls for Otto to be a remnant low by 120 hours.  It should be
noted, though, the the intensity forecast after 48 hours remains
near the lower edge of the guidance.

The primary threat from Otto will continue to be torrential
rainfall, which will result in dangerous flooding and mudslides.

Since Otto has maintained itself as a tropical cyclone all the way
across the land mass of Central America, based on National Weather
Service and World Meteorological Organization protocols, it will
retain the name Otto when it moves over the eastern Pacific in a few
hours. Product headers will change to eastern Pacific headers
beginning with the next complete advisory at 0900 UTC. The
intermediate advisory at 0600 UTC will be issued under an Atlantic
header.  The ATCF identifier will change from AL162016 to EP222016
at 0900 UTC.


FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  25/0300Z 10.9N  85.6W   60 KT  70 MPH...INLAND
 12H  25/1200Z 10.5N  87.4W   55 KT  65 MPH...OVER THE PACIFIC
 24H  26/0000Z 10.0N  90.0W   55 KT  65 MPH
 36H  26/1200Z  9.6N  93.0W   50 KT  60 MPH
 48H  27/0000Z  9.4N  96.0W   45 KT  50 MPH
 72H  28/0000Z  9.5N 102.0W   45 KT  50 MPH
 96H  29/0000Z 11.0N 105.0W   40 KT  45 MPH
120H  30/0000Z 13.0N 106.0W   30 KT  35 MPH...POST-TROP/REMNT LOW

$$
Forecaster Beven