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The Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1492 - Present

Edward N. Rappaport and Jose Fernandez-Partagas

originally updated 28 May 1995
updated 22 April 1997 by Jack Beven

Appendix 1
  Cyclones with 25+ deaths

Appendix 2
  Cyclones that may have 25+

Tropical Cyclone Terms
(also see NHC Glossary)
Casualty Information
Storm Lists/ Statistics

Notes to the Appendices
References to the Appendices

[Deadliest Storms Main Page]


Atlantic tropical cyclones that may have caused at least 25 deaths

Lower case footnotes refer to supplementary information in Notes to Appendices. Upper case footnotes indicate sources listed in References to Appendices.

260. West Indies1495 "When the hurricane reached the harbor, it whirled the ships round as they lay at anchor, snapped their cables, and sank three of them with all who were on board."CD
261. BahamasJul 1500 two caravels with all their crews "swallowed up" in a stormM,BO
262. Honduras16 Sep 1502 "a boat sent to the shore was, in returning, swallowed up by a sudden swelling of the sea, with all on board..."BO,c
263. DR12-14 Aug 1508 "...many men were lost in this city and in the greater part of this island..."M; "destroying...the entire population of Buenaventura" (on 3 August [Julian calendar?])AD
264. Puerto RicoJul 1515 "death of many Indians"J,I
265. Near Jamaica1519 18 men from caravel survived a "hurricane"CD
266. FL west coast1523 "Two ships and their crews were lost."CN
267. NCJun 1526 "...Spanish brigatine was lost off Wilmington, North Carolina..."AV
268. Puerto Rico31 Aug 1530 "Uncounted number of deaths by drowning."AY
269. Puerto Rico1533 "So many slaves were killed in the destruction of the twenty-sixth of July, August 23 and August 31..."CN
270. Puerto Rico1537 "many slaves were drowned"M,J,I,c,z
271. NW Cuba1537 2 ships lostBD,c,z
272. DR20 Aug 1545 killed "many", "large number of" peopleM,AD,z
273. Mexico1545 loss of life from vessel wrecked in "norther"BD,c,z
274. Off FL Keys1550 Spanish nao (ship) Vitacion, 200 tons, "lost during a hurricane"BP, near HavanaCQ.
275. Gulf of HON1551 "ship with many persons...all drowned"M
276. Texas1553 16 ships of the New Spain Flota were "struck by a hurricane" and not again "ever heard from."BD,z,bf
277. CubaNov 1554 "...the admiral's ship was sunk..."; a small caravel sank with all but two people drowningM,z
278. Mona Passage1554 Spanish nao wrecked during hurricaneBE,c,z
279. Ofshore S Texas1554 "three ships from the New Spain fleet, the Santa Maria de Yciar, Espiritu Santo, and the San Esteban, were lost in a storm off what would later become Padre Island, Texas. A few survivors managed to escape in a small boat."CL,c,z
280. Bermudaaround 1554 "of the ohter ships that had sailed with them (the San Miguel), weeks before, the leading ship from Veracruz sank in that hurricane that caught up with them in Bermuda. Twenty-five survived..."CN,z
281. Bahama Channel1555 The Capitana of New Spain fleet lost in stormCQ,c
282. Off FL19 Sep 1559 "great loss of a tempest from the north"BD,z; "great loss (less than 1,500) of seamen, passengers"CH
283. Off NW FL1559 6 Spanish ships lost "in a hurricane"BP,z
284. AtlanticAug-Oct 1563 five vessels missing at latitude of BermudaCQ
285. NC (?)1564? "...none of the people survived..." from a wreck on the coastAV
286. FL E coast22 Sep 1565 "...surely (several French vessels) must have been lost."M "In a severe storm, most of the French vessels were lost at sea"BP on unknown date, but apparently in same storm. 529 surviving soldiers and sailors accounted for from original 600.CH
287. Off Dominica1567 "six ships, carrying 3 million pesos, were wrecked in a storm off Dominica. The island's natives killed all the survivors..."CL
288. AtlanticSep-Jan 1570-1 loss of 4 ships in storm between Veracruz and SpainCQ,c
289. FL coast1571 San Ignacio, 300 tons, and Santa Maria de la Limpia Concepcion, 340 tons "lost on the Florida coast during a storm....only a few survivors."BP,c
290. Gulf MX, MX1574 4 ships sank in a "bad storm". 5 perished from one of the vessels; loss on others unknown. Ships were part of New Spain Flota that left Spain on 29 June.BD Two of the ships may have been the Sanct'Ana (300 tons) and the Santa Maria de Begonia (650 tons)CQ. Chaunu and Chaunu (1955) note a violent hurricane on 27 Augustbg between Jamaica and Cuba.
291. AtlanticAug-Nov 1579 storm sank Spanish Armada's 600 ton AlmiranteCQ,c
292. Bahama Channel1586 Loss of two 120-ton Spanish navios attributed to hurricane.BE Six or seven others lost, including the San Juan, 120 tons.BP
293. FL E coast1589 A ship of the fleet commanded by Perez de Olesbal wrecked. "Forty of her crew were rescued."BP,z
294. BAH Channelnear 9 Sep 1589 4 ships "struck by a hurricane" sunk in Bahama ChannelBD,z; two were the Santa Catalina and the Jesus MariaBP (350 and 400 tons, respectively) CQ
295. BAH ChannelSep 1589 Four-day storm, "On the first day alone a total of ten naos were swallowed by the sea."BE,z
296. Atlanticnear end Aug 1591 22 vessels perishedJ,AG,AJ,z. Chaunu and Chaunu (1955) list 20 ships lost in storm(s) returning from Bermuda after 24 August (mainly 1-10 Sept.). The list includes crews totals of 387 for 5 of the ships. Uncertain how many of them and others were lost to storm(s).bg
297. Off Azoresend Aug 1591 "Over a hundred ships, galleons and merchant ships...were wrecked, their crews drowned, their riches lost."CD,CN,z
298. Coastal FL1591 Encountering storms, "29 ships were lost, many on Florida's coast"BP,z
299. Atlanticmid Aug 1591 five or six of a group's largest ships and all their crews were lostJ,AJ,z
300. At sea1591 Spanish nao lost in Atlantic or Caribbean SeaBE,c,z
301. At sea1594 ship lost in Caribbean SeaM
302. HAI, DR, CU1605 "loss of three ships"; "...some men escaped..."M
303. Cumana (VEN)1605 "four galleons" lost near Santa MargaritaM,h
304. Near Bahamas4 Aug 1609 one ship sankL,z
305. Offshore MX30 Aug 1615 San Miguel (400 tons)CQ sunk in storm. "Nothing was saved, not even the crew or passengers."BD
306. Puerto Rico12 Sep 1615 "algunas Muertes" (some deaths)I
307. BAH Channel1622 loss of 2 Spanish naos attributed to hurricaneBE,z
308. Offshore FL1622 Spanish nao Santa Ana Maria, 180 tons, "lost during a storm off the Florida coast"BP,z
309. Off S PROct 1638 2 British ships lost; two known survivorsBE
310. Western Cuba11 Sep 1640 36 vessels affected; 4 thrown on shore; "...nearly all the sailors drowned, excepting 260 that were saved..."M
311. Hisp. to FL24 Sep 1641 8 ships lost and "many people perished"M; many ships lost in the Bahama Channel, and no survivors from 4 wrecked ships, with some survivors on a fifth ship along NE Florida coastBD
312. Lesser Ant.Sep 1642 men in 22 ships drownedM
313. St. Kitts1650 "...28 ships were thrown on the roadstead of St. Christopher, the sailors drowned..."M; "During two different hurricanes a total of twenty-eight merchantmen, a great number of lives...lost."BD
314. Leeward Is.23-24 Sep 1652 3 ships and crew missingM
315. BAR, STV13 Jul 1653 1 ship and crew lost; at St. Vincent, "death of many savages"M
316. Guadeloupe1656 "Every vessel at anchor in the roads was wrecked and most of their crews drowned."J,Y,AG,AJ
317. Off Bahamas1657 "two of the salvage vessels...were sunk in a storm off Gorda Cay." CL or CM
318. Antigua1666 "During a hurricane 2 unidentified English warships were lost in English Harbor with a great loss of lives."BD,z
319. Virginia6 Sep 1667 "burying in the ruins much goods and many people"AV; many people lost their lives..."L
320. AtlanticBefore 23 Sep 1669 "Yesterday (26-30 Sep 1669) came in a Veffel from Rochel, telling us of a Report in that place that feveral New-found-land fhips have been lately cast away by ftorm."CE,z
321. St. KittsBefore 9 Dec 1669 "...terrible Hurricane neer St. Christophers, by which 25 of our Merchant fhips and others have been cast away." Possibly related to 19 Dec 1670 (Julian date) report of "violent" hurricane for around eight hours at St Christophers "...about the end of September last."CE,z
322. Offshore PR1673 warship wrecked, "Most of the (500) pirates made it ashore to Puerto Rico..." BD,c
323. Martinique3 Aug 1680 "During a violent hurricane...over twenty large French ships and two English ships were totally lost in Cul-de-Sac Bay and the loss of life was great."BD
324. DR15 Aug 1680 "submerged...many vessels...(including) twenty-five ships of France...causing the death of most"M; several Spanish ships lost as well.BD
325. W Carib. Sea1681 "loss of lives...considerable" from several shipsM
326. Nevis1689 "A dreadful mortality swept away one-half of the inhabitants of Nevis."J,AG
327. FL Keys4 Oct 1695 offshore loss of 933 ton warshipM,z
328. NW Cuba1696 "An unidentified navio was wrecked at Playa de Sabarimar, 7 leagues east of Havana, in 35 feet of water, during a storm..."BD,c
329. Virginia, MD18 Oct 1703 "several (vessels) driven to sea, and no more heard of."AV,L
330. Havana (CU)1705 4 men of war, "with most of their crews, were lost"M,BD
331. US E coast6 Nov 1706 14 ships foundered and "others were given up for lost."AV,L
332. Jamaica1712 "New colonists and old pirates and seamen were drowned in hurricane waves and river floods. Many others were killed in the wreckage of English houses built of flimsy boards."CN,z
333. Near Havana (Cu)1712 "drowned men"CN,z
334. Florida Keyslate Jun 1714 "many of his ships...sank...and many men got somehow to land....many men and women floated dead."CN,bg
335. CubaSep 1714 frigate San Juan lostM,AP
336. Louisiana12-13 Sep 1722 "During a hurricane...a large number of unidentified ships were sunk at and near New Orleans."BD,z
337. Jamaica2 Nov 1726 "Many lives lost with at least 18 at sea."AR
338. NC13 Aug 1728 All of crew lost from ship sunk off Okracoke IslandAV; "only a few survivors" --no dateBD; "Many ships were lost, one as far north as few miles off Ocracoke." CF
339. Jamaica1 Sep 1730 ship of war (carrying ex-President of Panama) lostM,z
340. Caribbean Sea1730 Nuestra Senora del Carmen "went down in a hurricane south of Jamaica" CL,z
341. W'ward Pass.1731 Most men on ship Bridget and Kitty perished. May be related to one death on Dolphin upset in 24 June squall.M
342. Lesser Ant.10-11 Jul 1733 crews of multiple ships lost; other losses on landM,AP,z; "a total loss of lives" from one ship at St. KittsBD
343. DR9 Sep 1737 "carried away...negroes...into the sea"AG,AJ; "feveral Perfons were drown'd" near Fort St. LouisCJ
344. STK, MONOct 1737 "During an October hurricane an English merchantman...was sunk at Basseterre and only one of the crew survived."BD "Capt. Sutton's ship was lost, with the Crew except one Man...At Montserrat the Storm...carryed away...Negroes...into the sea"CJ
345. Puerto Rico11-12 Sep 1740 2 ships of war lostM
346. VI, PR27-28 Oct 1742 2 ships lostM
347. Jamaica20 Oct 1743 "...a great number of marines were drowned."AG
348. Carib. Sea1746 13 of 21 ships on way from Brazil to Lisbon "disappeared without a trace" in a hurricane.BD
349. C Atlantic26 Sep 1747 "The Fleet from Barbadoes, &c. on the 15th Ult. (Julian date) met with a violent Storm in Latitude 39 North, in which the Lyme Man of War of 20 Guns Overfet, and all the Crew except four Perifh'd....The Homer, Gardiner, from Barbadoes for Leverpool, and a ship for Falmouth, Founder'd at the fame Time, and only One Man from on board the Latter was faved." BN,c
350. Gulf of HON29 Sep 1749 "The Centaur, Snow, from the Bay of Honduras for Leghorn, met with a violent Hurricane foon after he left the Bay, in which he loft all the Mafts and Sails, and put into Carolina to Refit the 3d of November. Capt. Cullam, of the Arthur, writes from the Bay on the 18th Sept. (Julian Calendar date) that the fame Storm put moft of the Veffels afshore at the Bay, but he rode it out without Damage, and that feveral Veffels for Europe & North America, fail'd from thence with Capt. Snow, who 'tis fear'd have met with the like or worfe Misfortune.BN
351. MA, NC8 Oct 1749 "During a unidentified ships were wrecked on Martha's Vineyard and many lives were lost." Two merchantmen wrecked north of Ocracoke. The John & Jane "foundered 9 leagues seaward of the Cape Fear bar."BD
352. Offshore NC17-18 Aug 1750 4 Spanish vessels wrecked off Outer BanksAV,BD,CL. No lives lost from the Nuestra de Solidad, with unknown losses from the El Salvador and two unidentified ships.CI
353. St. Kitts24 Jul 1751 "During a violent gale" the Friendship was wrecked and none of the crew survived. BD Vessel identified as a brig; storm apparently also felt off Havana. BN
354. Cuba26 Sep 1752 "During a hurricane...sixteen unidentified ships were lost near Havana."BD The Speedwel "fuppos'd" to have been lost.BN
355. Off Florida22 Oct 1752 Ships lost in "Hurricane": Alexander, Lancafter, Dolphin, Q. Anne, May, Rhode Island, Stratia, a Spanish schooner, three other vesselsBN. Ships missing: Mary and Prifcilla, Pompey, Phillis (7 drowned), Three Friends, Kingfton, Ruby, Bofton, a schooner, a ship, and a Spanish Man of WarBN; 12 ships lost in "Gulf of Florida"BD; Also affected North Carolina.BN
356. TX, Gulf MX4 Sep 1766 During a "hurricane", 5 ships wrecked on Galveston Island, and a "...majority of the treasure and persons on these ships were saved."BD One merchantman vessel from the Spain Flota possibly lost in the Gulf of Mexico in storm alternately indicated as on the 1st-4th, or in the middle of September.BN
357. Guadeloupe6 Oct 1766 "...twelve inbound slave ships from Africa (to Isle de Saints) were also totally lost."BD
358. NW FL23 Oct 1766 "...all the Crew drowned except three" in the brig Wetherill during "a moft terrible Hurricane"BN
359. Coastal NC21 Sep 1767 "number" of vessels lost in "violent storm"BN
360. Coastal NC5-6 Sep 1769 "The Neptune, Watts, from N. Carolina to London, failed on the 4th of September laft being the day before the violent ftorm on that coaft, and its thought that all perifh'd."BN " entire street of houses was washed away, along with several residents."CG
361. DOM, STK30 Aug 1772 "causando muertes" (causing deaths); "matando gran numero de personas" (killing great number of persons)I,z,av
362. Louisiana2 Sep 1772 El Principe de Orange "was struck by a hurricane...and wrecked at the entrance of the Mississippi River, where she quickly went to pieces, only six survivors."BD
363. Caribbean Sea31 Jul 1775 English merchantman Gill, sailing from St. Eustatius to St. Vincent Island, sank during a "hurricane"BD,BN
364. Caicos Island2 Nov 1775 "During a least eleven merchantmen and several English warships were lost in the Windward Passage near the Caicos Islands."BD
365. Off FloridaJun 1777 Spanish man-of-war foundered in "hurricane....all hands lost."BP
366. C Atlantic10 Sep 1777 "The Ariadne, Ruffel, from Dominica to London, foundered at Sea in a Gale of Wind on the 10 Ult. the Crew and Paffengers were faved. Five others of the Fleet were miffing next Morning." BN,c
367. Cuba28-31 Oct 1778 "greatest loss of human lives by drowning"M
368. Louisiana18 Aug 1779 All but one of a fleet of Spanish warships sunk by a hurricane.BD "Slaves were drowned in ditches."CN
369. Martinique28 Aug 1779 "many lives lost"BD,z
370. US coastBefore 8 Oct 1779 "The Mary, Pippard, from St. Kitts to New-York, was overfet in a Whirlwind, a few Leagues from Sandy-Hook, the vessel and Cargo entirely lost. Alfo at the fame Time was loft, a Brig with Rum, for Antigua."BN,z
371. AtlanticBefore 3 Dec 1779 brig lost in galeBN,c,z
372. Puerto Rico13 Jun 1780 "hurricane...caused deaths and losses in Puerto Rico"CN
373. Jamaica1 Aug 1781 "A powerful hurricane drove not less than 120 vessels ashore and destroyed a large number. Amongst the 120 were 30 British men of war. Many lives were lost on these ships...and more than twenty bodies were recovered." More losses on shore.AR,z
374. Atlantic29 Oct 1781 "The Peach and Plenty, ______, from Cork to the West Indies, overfet in a hard Gale of Wind the 29th of October, and all the Crew perifhed, except one..."BN,c,z
375. Atlantic (?)Aug-Sep 1782 "The Corfaire, St. Juan Nepomuzeno, Capt. Gallardo, failed from St. Andero for the Havannah 15th August, and foundered in a violent Storm the fame Day in Sight of the Port; the Crew and Paffengers all drowned."BN,c,z
376. AtlanticOct-Nov 1782 ship foundered in passage from Haiti to EuropeBN,c,z
377. US E coast19 Sep 1783 "The Mercury, Herpin, from Dunkirk to Philadelphia, was lost in a furious Gale of Wind the Night of 19th September laft on Cape May; the Captain, Mate, and all the Crew, except feven Men, drowned."BN,z Lloyd's List has nearby ship losses on 19 September and 11 October.
378. DelawareFall 1783 "During a gale in the fall, nine large unidentified ships were wrecked at Cape Henlopen and many lives were lost."AD,c,z
379. US E coastFall 1783 "The John and Nelly, Bailey, from New-York to Charleston, left New-York the 22d of Sept. and is fupposed to have foundered in the feveral Gales of Wind that happened on the Coaft the beginning of October, as fhe has not since been heard of."BN,c,z
380. Jamaica30-31 Jul 1784 "many" and/or "numerous" lives lostM,Y,AJ,AR,z; 2 drowned from the Hanover Planter, half crew lost from the Industry, and "most of people perished from two unnamed vessels".BN
381. Curacao1784 "During a hurricane that struck at Curacao Island, several large ships were wrecked in the main harbor and others forced to sea, where they were lost without a trace."BD,z
382. Cayman Is.1785 "...many lives were lost."AT,z
383. Barbados2-3 Sep 1786 many persons were killed in the ruins of their own housesM,AJ
384. Jamaica20 Oct 1786 7 deaths plus "A fmall fhallop, wrecked off Gun Key; every foul perifhed" and all but 1 lost from a plantain boatAO
385. Coastal NC10 Apr 1789 "In the Albermarle Sound area there was on this date 'a very violent gale of wind, with an amazing rise of tide, supposed to be about 9 feet above common high water mark.' A number of ships...were lost along the Outer Banks; at least two of these wrecks resulted in the death of the entire crew."CF,c
386. Lesser Ant.1-2 Aug 1792 "many" lives lost in St. Kitts and AntiguaJ,AG,BC; "great loss of life" from ten ships in St. Barthelemy and only two survivors from a Spanish brig sunk between St. Kitts and St. EustatiusBD
387. Jamaica27 Jun 1794 "The Prize Ships from St. Domingo to Jamaica, met with a fevere Gale of Wind on the 27th June, one of which was totally lost near Kingston..."BN
388. Jamaica30 Jul 1794 "Lives lost."AZ
389. NC, VA2 Aug 1795 "...a fleet of eighteen Spanish ships, sailing from Havana to Spain, was struck off Cape Hatteras, an undisclosed number of these ships were lost."BD A ship sank off Cape Charles"AV...with a total loss of lives"BD
390. SW Atlantic9 Oct 1800 25 saved from Galgo, "upset in a squall, in lat. 21, long. 61 west."BY,c
391. Offshore VA29 Sep 1806 schooner Charming Mary found partially submergedAV,z
392. Spanish Main17 Oct 1807 From the Firefly, "all except the Surg. & 3 men (lost when vessel)...foundered in a hurricane off the Spanish Main."BY
393. Puerto Rico17-19 Aug 1809 "Great...death toll"AY
394. C Atlantic27 Aug 1809 "The Express cutter, together with several of the fleet, is supposed to have foundered....(and) several people on wrecks...were seen to go down..."AH
395. Off PR3 Aug 1809 "H.M.S. Lark, of 18 guns, foundered...and all her crew, except one man, perished..."AJ,AO,z
396. Jamaica15 Aug 1810 "Some lives lost at sea."AR
397. SC10 Sep 1811 "many" killedQ,CF,CN
398. Cayman Is.1812 "women of East End left widowed" when husbands lost at seaAT,z
399. Barbados22-23 Jul 1813 "some lives lost,....numbers of persons were killed..."Y,z; at least 18 dead and 8 missingAH
400. Jamaica7/31-8/1 1813 "many lives lost"AR,z
401. NC3-4 Sep 1815 "...storm caused great damage and loss of life in Onslow." 4 deaths in one storm surge incident.CG
402. New England23 Sep 1815 "the loss of life so heavy that the newspapers did not have space enough to give all the details of the marine disasters"BI; "impossible to estimate loss of live in Providence...but it was extremely heavy."BY "about twenty persons were drowned or killed" BJ; at least 20 deathsBK
403. Puerto Rico1816 2 dead on land; part of crews from 3 ships perishedJ
404. Jamaica8-12 Nov 1818 "heavy loss of life on ships....some loss of life on land"AR,z
405. Galveston (TX)1818 "Women...drowning who were not killed by the roof cannon falling in on them" from "the Red House" of Jean Laffite.CN,z
406. VI21-22 Sep 1819 "serious loss of life"Y; "apprehensive that many, many lives have been lost, in addition to the great number already ascertained."AH
407. Offshore VA20-22 Oct 1822 schooner foundered off RichmondAV
408. New York4 Jun 1825 schooner Hornet foundered, "...with loss of her entire crew."AV
409. Coastal NC17-18 Nov 1825 "The schooner Harvest was wrecked...and five or more persons lost in what may have been a late season hurricane."CF,c 5 of 15 people on board were lost and row boat carrying rescuers overturned in surf.CI
410. Cuba1826 "...el general Laborde perdio su escuadra en Cuba o costa del sur" (General Laborde lost his fleet in Cuba or the southern coast)AP,z
411. Cayman Is.1826 "women of East End left widowed" when husbands lost at seaAT,z
412. Chesap. Bay26 Aug 1827 "...the vessel (Flag) lost all hands and the passengers perished."AV
413. Near Bermuda13 Sep 1828 3 ships lostAJ
414. Off STB26 Oct 1829 "...two vessels slipt their anchors and went to sea. One returned, and the other has not since (4 Nov 1829) been heard of."AH
415. Florida15-16 Aug 1830 " Cape Florida...several ships were lost..."AW
416. BAR, DR3 Sep 1835 "The mail boat, Lady Lunn, was capsized and sunk; one man saved." 2 boats driven to sea from Barbados not heard from after 11 days.AW 3 deaths on Matilda near Dominican Republic.AH
417. Cayman Is.1836 "women of East End left widowed" when husbands lost at seaAT
418. NC18 Aug 1837 "...several vessels have been lost, one of them, with the crew..."; ship Palambam founderedAW
419. MX E coast1 Nov 1838 "Three United States vessels were lost, and the crews of two of these perished." AJ
420. Coastal NC12-15 Jul 1842 many ships lost and many persons drownedQ,CF; "Two unknown vessels were capsized...their entire crews lost, and seven men who went out later...were also drowned....No authentic information has come to light which would give...the number of persons drowned; it is sufficient to say that the hurricane of July 12, 1842 was one of the worst in the history of coastal Carolina."CI
421. Coastal NC24 Aug 1842 "at least eight mariners were dead" (seven from the Congress and 1 from the Pioneer) from storm "hardly less severe" than 15 July 1842 hurricaneCI
422. Offshore VA7-8 Sep 1846 several vessels lost offshore VirginiaAV
423. NC24 Aug 1850 "pilot boat sank"Q,CF
424. DR18 Aug 1851 "many casualties"AD
425. Offshore VA12 Sep 1851 Schooner Free Trade capsized. "Nothing heard from the persons on board, and it was feared that they were lost."AV
426. Jamaica6-8 Nov 1852 "many lives lost on ships in ports"AR
427. E TX coast18 Sep 1854 "Two people were killed. The steamer Kate Ward and crew were lost..."R
428. Tampico (MX)6 Aug 1855 "The loss and damage done to goods was very heavy, and the destruction of life and property was no less severe."AS
429. DR26 Aug 1855 "many casualties"AD
430. W Atlantic10 Jul 1861 The Bowditch, while " a tremendous hurricane, was boarded by a sea, which.... washed all hands overboard." Only the captain survived.V
431. Off NC30 Oct 1862 "twenty-five Federal vessels left Hampton Roads with coal for the fleet about to attack Port Royal in South Carolina. The next day, fifty more vessels sailed. On the thirtieth of October, off Cape Hatteras, they were swallowed up and spewed everywhere by appalling winds and seas. Two steamers were lost."CN
432. US E coast3 Aug 1867 2 deaths plus "all perished except the captain" from a brig.AV
433. E TX coast1-3 Oct 1867 "many", "number" of lives lostF,R
434. New England8 Sep 1869 1 death in MA and "all except one man perished" from schooner Helen Eliza in Maine.BX
435. E TX coast2-3 Oct 1871 2 deaths plus steamer foundered and "all hands were lost with the exception of one man." R
436. W Atlantic19-20 Oct 1873 schooner Enterprise "feared lost during the storm"AV
437. PR, NC13-17 Sep 1876 "...19 deaths reported, but historians suspected the Spanish Government withheld actual damage and death toll data."AY 2 drowned in Onslow County, NC and "from Okracoke to Rocky Mount, reports were gathered of killed and injured citizens."CG
438. DR-HAI-FL-PA1-13 Sep 1878 "considerable loss of life"AG,AI; 9 deaths FL to PA, plus, at Aux Cayes "...a number of persons were killed", while "in the towns of Aquin and Cavaillon...a large number of lives lost."R
439. Haiti25-28 Sep 1878 "American brigatine was wrecked at Tiburon and all hands lost."R
440. Gulf MX (?)24-28 Oct 1879 schooner from Pensacola "...completely wrecked and lost all her crew but two men." R
441. US E coast16-21 Nov 1879 "some lives lost"R
442. SE TX coast12-13 Oct 1880 "many lives lost"F,BW
443. Cuba5-6 Sep 1882 "buen numero de victimas" (good number of victims)AI
444. Jamaica6-8 Oct 1884 "drowning at least 8 people"AR
445. Cuba17-24 Jun 1886 "no pocos ahogados" (not a few drowned)AI
446. Cuba, JAM28-29 Jun 1886 "algunas desgracias personales en mar y tierra" (some people died at sea and on land) from CubaAI; "no less than 18 lives lost" in JamaicaAR
447. Cuba21-26 Aug 1886 "crushing many of their inhabitants"AG
448. Cuba11-15 Jun 1887 "algunos ahogados" (some drowned)AI
449. Cuba15-16 Jun 1889 "algunas...desgracias personales" (some people died)AI
450. Cuba28-29 May 1890 "buen numero de ahogados" (good number of drownings); "Se enviaron de la capital partidas de Bomberos, Marinos y Guardia civil. Buen numero de estos expedicionarios perdieron la vida." (Firemen, marines, and civil guard teams were sent from the capital. A good number of these crews lost their lives.)AI
451. W Atlantic28-30 Aug 1890 10 deaths from one ship; "loss of life" from anotherR
452. Cuba9-11 Jun 1892 16 deaths in Matanzas and "large" number in vicinity; 1 death in HavanaV+AI
453. Cuba21 Oct 1895 "arrebato algunas vidas" (took some lives)AI
454. Cuba25-27 Sep 1897 "algunas desgracias personales" (some people died)AI
455. Cuba, JAM28-29 Oct 1899 In Cuba, "algun(a)s...perdidas de vidas humanas" (some loss of human lives)AI; "many dead" in JamaicaAR
456. AL-LA coast13-16 Aug 1901 "Only 10 persons are known to have perished, but more lives no doubt were lost....It is greatly feared that the loss of life among the fishermen and others...will be considerable." R
457. US E coastSep 1904 "A number of lives were lost..."T,c; "considerable loss of life"R
458. Costa Rica25-28 Jan 1905 "very severe hurricane...causing great loss of life"R,c
459. Turks Is.10-12 Sep 1908 "caused destruction of life"R; at least 19 deaths with 8 missingAH+W
460. N Florida3-4 Sep 1915 "small loss of life...confined to fishing and sponge vessels" near Jacksonville. R
461. Jamaica15-17 Aug 1916 "At least 17 persons left dead..."AR
462. Puerto Rico22 Aug 1916 2 ships missing at seaI
463. Gulf of MX28-30 Sep 1920 "among the vessels lost were...(two American ships with)...a large number of casualties" R
464. Bahamas, FL24-29 Sep 1929 10 deaths, not counting "many lives lost" in in BahamasR
465. Mexico, PR10-16 Sep 1931 2 deaths in Puerto Rico, plus 300-ton steamer "sank with all hands lost, including a number of passengers."R
466. Off NJ7-8 Sep 1934 The liner Morro Castle caught fire and was abandoned in unsettled weather at the approach of a hurricane." 134 people died from burning, drowning and exposure."BS,c
467. MX, Belize5-11 Nov 1942 "Nine lives were lost...", but the " loss of life is still unclear."R

Brian Maher
Jack Beven

Last updated July 20, 1999