AXPZ20 KNHC 221626

Tropical Weather Discussion
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
1605 UTC Wed Nov 22 2017

Tropical Weather Discussion for the eastern Pacific Ocean from the Equator to 32N, east of 140W. The following information is based on satellite imagery, weather observations, radar, and meteorological analysis.

Based on 1200 UTC surface analysis and satellite imagery through 1515 UTC.


Gulf of Tehuantepec Gale Warning: Strong N to NE winds have begun to spread across NW portions of the Gulf of Mexico this morning and will quickly push S across the Mexican coastal waters behind a cold front throughout the day. The front is expected to reach the western Bay of Campeche this afternoon with strong northerly winds then blasting through the Chivelas Pass and across the Gulf of Tehuantepec. Gale force winds to 40 kt will develop quickly by late afternoon and increase to 35 to 45 kt gale force shortly before sunset. Gale force winds will spread farther downstream of the coast overnight to about 13N, and seas building to near 17 ft, with winds then diminishing slightly into early Thu afternoon. Minimal gale conditions will then persist through mid morning on Fri then diminish to 20 kt or less late Sat morning. The resultant NE swell will propagate SW, mixing with long-period cross equatorial swell, with seas 8 ft or higher well downstream of the Gulf of Tehuantepec along 08N between 94W and 102W on Fri evening before beginning to subside. Strong N winds are forecast to resume again on Sat evening with gale conditions at sunrise on Sun and continuing through sunrise on Tue.


The monsoon trough extends from low pres near 11N76.5W 1010 MB across Panama to 08N83.5W TO 08.5N97W, then transitions to ITCZ, TO 07N116W TO 09N130W TO 11N140W. Scattered moderate convection was across far eastern areas E of a line from 02.5N78.5W TO 10N87W. Scattered moderate to strong convection was noted within 60 nm of a line from 08N130W to 17.5N136W.



See Special Features paragraph above for information on the developing Gulf of Tehuantepec Gale Warning.

A NW to SE orientated ridge axis extending about 270 nm seaward of the Pacific coast of Mexico will be interrupted today as a weak trough forms extending S from the central Baja Peninsula to near 20N112W, and persists through Fri night before filling. Expect mild seas of 3 to 4 ft seas at 12 seconds W of Baja through Thu morning, except near 2 ft nearshore, then building in new NW swell at 14 to 15 seconds Fri, peaking at 4 to 7 ft across the waters W of Baja Fri night. Seas will then gradually subside some Sat into Sun. Long-period NW swell in the form of 7 to 9 ft seas will reach 30N120W on Sun night, and spread S across the waters W of Baja with 8 to 13 ft seas at 17 to 19 seconds forecast W of Baja late Mon night.

Scattered moderate isolated strong thunderstorms persist within 150 nm of the Mexican coast this morning between 98W and 102.5W and are expected to linger in the general area today as an upper trough supporting the Gulf of Mexico cold front sinks S across N and central Mexico.

Gulf of California: Moderate to fresh NW flow prevails across across all but southern portions of the gulf this morning as high pressure is building across N Mexico behind a cold front. Winds will diminish slightly this evening through Thu night as the ridge shifts SE. The pressure gradient will then relax further, with light and variable winds on Fri through Mon. Strong to near gale NW flow expected N of 30N on Mon night, with gale conditions possible on Tue afternoon with seas building to 10 ft across the long fetch waters.


Gulf of Fonseca...Fresh NW winds forecast to begin around sunrise on Mon.

Gulf of Papagayo: Fresh to locally strong NE nocturnal drainage flow forecast to begin on Thu night into early Fri afternoon, and then resume on Fri night and continue through Tue with strong winds are expected to reach as far SW as 09N91W.

Light and variable winds, and 3 to 5 ft seas, are expected elsewhere through Sun to the N of the monsoon trough which has been meandering between 09N and 11N, while moderate southerly winds, and 3 to 6 ft seas, are forecast S of the monsoon trough.


A NE to SW aligned ridge will meander from 32N125W to 21N138W for the next several days. Strong SW winds, currently across the waters N of 30N W of 135W, will diminish to 20 kt or less by this afternoon as the ridge weakens allowing a cold front to reach 32N140W on Wed. The cold front will stall from 32N137W to 23N140W on Thu then begin to drift towards the NW as a warm front, while elongated low pressure develops along the front just NW of the area Thu night through Fri morning. The low will move NE and away from the area late Fri night.

Long period NW swell is producing combined seas of 8 to 11 ft across the discussion waters W of a line from 30N132W TO 26N135W TO 15N137W TO 11N140W this morning and will build to 8 to 15 ft at 14 to 15 seconds late tonight. This NW swell, in the form of 8 to 11 ft seas at 12 to 17 seconds, will propagate across the waters W of a line from 32N122W to 14N140W on Thu night before beginning to subside.

Another cold front will move E in to the area reaching from 32N133W to 25N140W early Sat with 8 to 14 ft seas at 12 to 17 seconds in the wake of the front.

$$ Stripling