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Tropical Storm ZETA


ZCZC MIATCDAT5 ALL
TTAA00 KNHC DDHHMM
TROPICAL STORM ZETA DISCUSSION NUMBER  20
NWS TPC/NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER MIAMI FL
4 AM EST WED JAN 04 2006
 
ZETA CONTINUES TO GENERATE CONVECTIVE TOPS OF -55C TO -60C NEAR THE
LOW-LEVEL CENTER....WITH RAGGED OUTER BANDING OVER THE NORTHEASTERN
SEMICIRCLE.  SOME ANTICYCLONIC OUTFLOW WAS APPARENT IN CIRRUS CLOUD
MOTIONS EARLIER.  HOWEVER...THIS HAS DECREASED OVER THE PAST FEW
HR.  SATELLITE INTENSITY ESTIMATES CONTINUE TO RANGE FROM 65 KT AT
TAFB TO 45 KT AT AFWA AND ARE ESSENTIALLY UNCHANGED FROM 6 HR AGO. 
THUS...THE INITIAL INTENSITY REMAINS 55 KT.

ZETA HAS MOVED MORE TOWARD THE SOUTH AND FASTER OVER THE PAST 6-12
HR...LIKELY DUE TO INTERACTION WITH AN UPPER-LEVEL LOW SEEN IN
WATER VAPOR IMAGERY NEAR 21N38W.  HOWEVER...THE LAST FEW IMAGES
SUGGEST A MORE WESTWARD MOTION...AND THE INITIAL MOTION IS THUS A
SOMEWHAT UNCERTAIN 220/6.  ZETA IS SOUTH OF A MEAN DEEP-LAYER RIDGE
OVER THE CENTRAL ATLANTIC...WHILE A MEAN DEEP-LAYER TROUGH IS OVER
THE WESTERN ATLANTIC.  A SHORTWAVE TROUGH AND SURFACE FRONT ARE
CURRENTLY BETWEEN THE EASTERN UNITED STATES AND BERMUDA...WHILE
LARGE-SCALE MODELS SUGGEST A SECOND STRONGER SHORTWAVE WILL MOVE
INTO THE WESTERN ATLANTIC AFTER 48 HR.  THE NEW TROUGH WILL CAUSE
THE FIRST SHORTWAVE TROUGH TO MOVE NORTHEASTWARD NORTH OF ZETA...
WITH THE RIDGE RE-BUILDING IN BETWEEN THE TROUGHS.  THIS EVOLUTION
SHOULD CAUSE THE STORM TO TURN NORTHWESTWARD DURING THE NEXT 48-72
HR...THEN TURN MORE WESTWARD THEREAFTER AS THE RIDGE RE-BUILDS. 
THE DYNAMICAL MODELS GENERALLY AGREE ON THIS...WITH THE EXCEPTION
OF THE UKMET WHICH CALLS FOR RECURVATURE ALONG 48W IN 48-72 HR. 
THE OFFICIAL FORECAST WILL FOLLOW THE SCENARIO SUGGESTED BY THE
OTHER DYNAMICAL MODELS...AND IS SIMILAR TO BUT WEST OF THE PREVIOUS
FORECAST.  THE NEW FORECAST IS IN BEST AGREEMENT WITH THE GFDL.  

ZETA IS WELL EMBEDDED IN UPPER-LEVEL WESTERLIES BETWEEN THE
SUBTROPICAL AND POLAR JET STREAMS...WHICH OVERALL IS NOT A VERY
FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT.  THE LARGE-SCALE MODELS SUGGEST A SERIES OF
UPPER-LEVEL SHORT-WAVE FEATURES WILL PASS OVER ZETA DURING THE NEXT
48 HR...MOST NOTABLY THE SOUTHERN END OF THE CURRENT WESTERN
ATLANTIC TROUGH WHICH SHOULD REACH THE STORM IN ABOUT 36 HR.  THIS
PATTERN SHOULD PRODUCE SOME SURGES AND LULLS IN VERTICAL SHEAR...
AND BASED ON THIS THE INTENSITY FORCAST CALLS FOR SLOW WEAKENING
FOR 48 HR.  AFTER THAT...A BUILDING UPPER-LEVEL RIDGE WEST OF ZETA
SHOULD CAUSE 40-50 KT UPPER-LEVEL NORTHWESTERLY FLOW OVER THE
STORM...WHICH SHOULD CAUSE SIGNIFICANT WEAKENING.  THEREFORE...THE
INTENSITY FORECAST SHOWS ZETA WEAKENING TO A DEPRESSION BY 72 HR
AND DISSIPATING BY 120 HR.  IT SHOULD BE NOTED THAT THE GFDL STILL
WANTS TO MAKE ZETA A HURRICANE...AND THERE IS A SMALL CHANCE THE
THE APPROACHING SHORTWAVE TROUGH COULD BRIEFLY PROVIDE A MORE
FAVORABLE ENVIRONMENT FOR STRENGTHENING IN ABOUT 36 HR.
 
FORECASTER BEVEN
 
 
FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS
 
INITIAL      04/0900Z 22.1N  43.1W    55 KT
 12HR VT     04/1800Z 21.9N  43.8W    55 KT
 24HR VT     05/0600Z 22.4N  45.2W    55 KT
 36HR VT     05/1800Z 23.9N  46.3W    50 KT
 48HR VT     06/0600Z 25.5N  46.9W    45 KT
 72HR VT     07/0600Z 28.0N  49.0W    30 KT
 96HR VT     08/0600Z 30.0N  53.0W    20 KT...REMNANT LOW
120HR VT     09/0600Z...DISSIPATED
 
 
$$
NNNN


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Page last modified: Wednesday, 04-Jan-2006 08:40:19 UTC