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Tropical Cyclone Report

Tropical Storm Blas

11 - 15 July 2004

Richard J. Pasch
National Hurricane Center
8 September 2004

Blas was a large tropical storm whose center remained at sea. Its outer bands produced gusty winds over extreme southern Baja California.

a. Synoptic History

A tropical wave emerged from western Africa on 1 July. This wave was accompanied by a large swirl of low clouds over the far eastern tropical Atlantic, but the system generated little deep convection as it traversed the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. The wave crossed Central America on 8 July, and over the next several days deep convection increased and slowly became organized to the south of Mexico. The pace of development increased around 0600 UTC 12 July, when the first Dvorak classification was made for the system. By 1200 UTC that day, the organization and amount of deep convection was sufficient to designate the system as a tropical depression. Banding features became more pronounced during the day, and it is estimated that the tropical cyclone strengthened into Tropical Storm Blas by around 1800 UTC that day.

The "best track" chart of the tropical cyclone's path is given in Figure 1. On 12-13 July, Blas moved northwestward at a relatively fast forward speed of 15-18 kt, on the southwest side of a mid-level anticyclone centered over the southwestern United States. The storm reached its estimated peak intensity of 55 kt around 1200 UTC 13 July, at which time it exhibited a large convective overcast with very cold cloud tops. Thereafter, deep convection decreased and Blas gradually weakened due to cooler sea-surface temperatures. The weakening storm turned toward the west-northwest on 14 July. Although the circulation remained large and well-defined, cool waters continued to take their toll on Blas and the cyclone weakened to a tropical depression by 1800 UTC 14 July. Blas degenerated to a large remnant low around 0600 UTC 15 July which moved generally west-northwestward for a couple of days while continuing to slowly spin down. As its forward speed slowed to a drift, the remnant low turned northward, then northeastward on 18 July. Early on 19 July, the low turned eastward and dissipated well to the west of central Baja California.

b. Meteorological Statistics

The best track positions and intensities for Blas are listed in Table 1, and the wind and pressure histories are shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, respectively. Observations in Figure 2 and Figure 3 include satellite-based Dvorak technique intensity estimates from the Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch (TAFB), the Satellite Analysis Branch (SAB) and the U. S. Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA), as well as a few estimates based on QuikSCAT data (indicated as "Surface" observations in Figure 2). Because Blas had a broad circulation and lacked a tight inner core structure, the estimated minimum central pressures in the best track were set slightly lower than those given by the standard Dvorak wind-pressure relationship.

Blas was a larger than normal-sized tropical cyclone. Based on QuikSCAT data and a few ship observations, tropical storm force winds extended about 200 n mi to the northeast and northwest of the center by 0000 UTC 13 July. Even though Blas's center remained well offshore of Baja California, strong gusty winds of the storm's outer circulation affected the extreme southern Baja California peninsula. On 13 July, an automated station just north of Cabo San Lucas at an elevation of 225 m above sea level reported a maximum sustained wind of 41 kt at 1630 UTC and a peak gust of 57 kt at 1750 UTC. A ship with call sign ELYS4 at 22.2ºN 113.6ºW reported winds of 090/33 kt and a pressure of 1006.0 mb at 0600 UTC 14 July

c. Casualty and Damage Statistics

There were no reports of damage or casualties associated with Blas.

d. Forecast and Warning Critique

Blas was a tropical cyclone for only 60 hours so there are too few forecasts to produce meaningful verification statistics. Although the direction of motion was generally well predicted, the early track forecasts had a slow bias. This resulted in some overprediction of the intensity, since the storm reached cooler waters sooner than expected.



Table 1: Best track for Tropical Storm Blas, 11-15 July 2004.
Date/Time
(UTC)
PositionPressure
(mb)
Wind Speed
(kt)
Stage
Lat.
(°N)
Lon.
(°W)
 12 / 1200 14.6 105.5 1006 30 tropical depression
 12 / 1800 15.5 106.8 1002 35 tropical storm
 13 / 0000 16.4 108.0 997 45 "
 13 / 0600 17.3 109.3 994 50 "
 13 / 1200 18.4 110.8 991 55 "
 13 / 1800 19.6 112.2 994 50 "
 14 / 0000 20.7 113.7 997 45 "
 14 / 0600 21.5 115.1 999 40 "
 14 / 1200 22.1 116.6 1002 35 "
 14 / 1800 22.5 117.9 1004 30 tropical depression
 15 / 0000 22.9 119.2 1005 30 "
 15 / 0600 23.2 120.4 1006 30 remnant low
 15 / 1200 23.4 121.4 1007 25 "
 15 / 1800 23.6 122.3 1008 25 "
 16 / 0000 23.8 123.3 1008 25 "
 16 / 0600 24.0 124.5 1008 25 "
 16 / 1200 24.1 125.5 1008 20 "
 16 / 1800 24.2 126.3 1008 20 "
 17 / 0000 24.4 127.0 1009 20 "
 17 / 0600 24.8 127.5 1009 20 "
 17 / 1200 25.2 127.8 1009 20 "
 17 / 1800 25.6 128.1 1010 15 "
 18 / 0000 26.0 128.3 1010 15 "
 18 / 0600 26.4 128.4 1011 15 "
 18 / 1200 26.7 128.2 1012 15 "
 18 / 1800 26.9 127.9 1013 15 "
 19 / 0000 26.9 127.6 1014 15 "
 19 / 0600 26.9 127.3 1015 15 "
 19 / 1200     dissipated
 13 / 1200 18.4 110.8 991 55 minimum pressure

Best track positions for Tropical Storm Blas

Figure 1: Best track positions for Tropical Storm Blas, 11-15 July 2004.

Selected wind observations and best track maximum sustained surface wind speed curve for Tropical Storm Blas

Figure 2: Selected wind observations and best track maximum sustained surface wind speed curve for Tropical Storm Blas, 11-15 July 2004.

Selected pressure observations and best track minimum central pressure curve for Tropical Storm Blas

Figure 3: Selected pressure observations and best track minimum central pressure curve for Tropical Storm Blas, 11-15 July 2004.



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Page last modified: Tuesday, 15-Mar-2005 21:06:16 UTC