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Tropical Cyclone Report

Tropical Storm Guillermo

7 - 12 August 2003

James L. Franklin
National Hurricane Center
19 November 2003

Guillermo moved westward over the tropical eastern North Pacific Ocean and degenerated to a remnant low just before entering the central Pacific tropical cyclone basin.

a. Synoptic History

Guillermo developed from a tropical wave that moved into the Atlantic from the African coast on 22 July and crossed into the eastern North Pacific on 1 August. On 4 August, when the wave axis was south of Baja California, the amplitude of the wave as well as associated convective activity increased noticeably, and the system received its first Dvorak classification. Surface analyses indicate the development of a weak surface low on 6 August. By late on 6 August convection associated with the low became isolated from the larger-scale wave, and the surface circulation associated with the low became better defined. It is estimated that a tropical depression formed at 0600 UTC 7 August, about 525 n mi southwest of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.

The "best track" chart of Guillermo's path is given in Figure 1, with the wind and pressure histories shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, respectively. The best track positions and intensities are listed in Table 1. Guillermo formed to the south of a low- to mid-level ridge that built westward and strengthened over the following few days, and this kept the tropical cyclone on a basically westward track throughout its lifetime. Under light southerly shear initially, the depression became better organized and reached tropical storm strength by 0000 UTC 8 August about 550 n mi southwest of Cabo San Lucas. Guillermo's maximum winds of 50 kt and minimum pressure of 997 mb were reached at 1800 UTC 8 August and maintained for nearly 24 h. However, Guillermo was soon affected by the upper-level easterly outflow from Tropical Depression Eight-E (Hilda), which was located about 600 n mi east of Guillermo. Guillermo's convection became disrupted and the cyclone began to weaken on 9 August. Continuing westward, Guillermo weakened to a tropical depression on 11 August. The shear then shifted to westerly and Guillermo's convection diminished on 12 August, when the cyclone degenerated to a remnant low about 1750 n mi west of Cabo San Lucas. The remnant low then moved into the central Pacific basin before dissipating the following day.

b. Meteorological Statistics

Observations in Guillermo (Figure 2 and Figure 3) were largely limited to satellite-based Dvorak technique intensity estimates from the Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch (TAFB), the Satellite Analysis Branch (SAB) and the U. S. Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA). Scatterometer data also were used in the preparation of the cyclone's best track. There were no ship reports of winds of tropical storm force associated with Guillermo.

c. Casualty and Damage Statistics

Guillermo was a marine event and there were no reports of damage or casualties.

d. Forecast and Warning Critique

Average official track errors (with the number of cases in parentheses) for Guillermo were 34 (19), 57 (17), 78 (15), 90 (13), 143 (9), 217 (5), and 227 (1) n mi for the 12, 24, 36, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h forecasts, respectively1. These errors are mostly lower than average official track errors for the 10-yr period 1993-2002 (39, 72, 103, 131, 186, 197, and 223 n mi, respectively2).

Average official intensity errors were 4, 8, 14, 18, 19, 16, and 10 kt for the 12, 24, 36, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h forecasts, respectively. For comparison, the average official intensity errors over the 10-yr period 1993-2002 are 6, 11, 15, 17, 20, 18, and 19 kt, respectively. The intensity forecasts generally had a positive bias, having not anticipated the negative influence of the developing tropical cyclone to the east of Guillermo.

No watches or warnings were associated with Guillermo.

1 All forecast verifications in this report include the depression stage of the cyclone. National Hurricane Center verifications presented in these reports prior to 2003 did not include the depression stage.

2 Errors given for the 96 and 120 h periods are averages over the two-year period 2001-2.



Table 1: Best track for Tropical Storm Guillermo, 7-12 August 2003.
Date/Time
(UTC)
PositionPressure
(mb)
Wind Speed
(kt)
Stage
Lat.
(°N)
Lon.
(°W)
 07 / 0600 16.0 115.7 1009 25 tropical depression
 07 / 1200 16.3 116.1 1009 25 "
 07 / 1800 16.5 116.6 1007 30 "
 08 / 0000 16.6 117.2 1003 40 tropical storm
 08 / 0600 16.6 117.8 1002 40 "
 08 / 1200 16.5 118.5 1000 45 "
 08 / 1800 16.1 119.2 997 50 "
 09 / 0000 15.9 120.0 997 50 "
 09 / 0600 15.8 121.0 997 50 "
 09 / 1200 15.7 122.2 998 50 "
 09 / 1800 15.5 123.4 999 45 "
 10 / 0000 15.4 124.6 1000 45 "
 10 / 0600 15.4 125.8 1000 45 "
 10 / 1200 15.5 126.9 1002 40 "
 10 / 1800 15.5 128.0 1004 35 "
 11 / 0000 15.6 129.3 1005 35 "
 11 / 0600 15.7 130.6 1005 35 "
 11 / 1200 15.9 132.0 1006 30 tropical depression
 11 / 1800 16.2 133.5 1007 30 "
 12 / 0000 16.3 135.0 1007 30 "
 12 / 0600 16.3 136.5 1007 30 "
 12 / 1200 16.3 138.2 1007 30 "
 12 / 1800 16.3 139.8 1008 25 remnant low
 13 / 0000 16.1 141.5 1009 25 "
 13 / 0600     dissipated
 08 / 1800 16.1 119.2 997 50 minimum pressure

Best track positions for Tropical Storm Guillermo

Figure 1: Best track positions for Tropical Storm Guillermo, 7-12 August 2003.

Selected wind observations and best track maximum sustained surface wind speed curve for Tropical Storm Guillermo

Figure 2: Selected wind observations and best track maximum sustained surface wind speed curve for Tropical Storm Guillermo, 7-12 August 2003.

Selected pressure observations and best track minimum central pressure curve for Tropical Storm Guillermo

Figure 3: Selected pressure observations and best track minimum central pressure curve for Tropical Storm Guillermo, 7-12 August 2003.



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Page last modified: Monday, 07-Feb-2005 16:38:05 UTC