Hurricane Noel was a short-lived hurricane of subtropical origin.
Noel developed from a non-tropical occluded low that gradually lost its frontal structure. The first appearance of the frontal low in surface synoptic maps was at 0000 UTC 2 November, when a 1002-mb low was analyzed near 32N, 42W. The low deepened and occluded while it moved slowly west-northwestward over the next 48 h. The official "best track" of Noel begins at 0000 UTC 4 November when the system, then 775 n mi south of Cape Race, Newfoundland, was being classified as a subtropical cyclone by both the Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch (TAFB) and the Satellite Analysis Branch (SAB).
The best track chart of the tropical cyclone's path is given in Figure 1, with the wind and pressure histories shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, respectively. The best track positions and intensities are listed in Table 1. The subtropical cyclone drifted northward initially, its speed increasing to about 10 kt by late on 4 November. Convection, which had been limited to the northern semicircle, became more symmetric as it formed a ring around the center with a radius of about 60 n mi. The system developed a weak mid-level warm core early on 5 November, strengthened and became a hurricane with 65 kt winds at 1200 UTC that day, about 535 n mi south-southeast of Cape Race. By 0000 UTC 6 November, westerly wind shear began to displace and limit convection near the center, and Noel weakened to a tropical storm. Noel then accelerated to the north, and had lost all its convection by 1200 UTC that day, when it became extratropical about 285 n mi southeast of Cape Race. The extratropical low was absorbed into a larger extratropical system later that day.
Observations in Noel (Figure 2 and Figure 3) include satellite-based Dvorak technique intensity estimates from TAFB and SAB, and the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA). Initial subtropical classifications of 45-50 kt are consistent with a QuikSCAT pass near 0800 UTC 4 November showing peak winds of 45 kt. Although satellite intensity estimates remained constant over the next 30 h, a report from the ship Tellus (call sign WRYG, Figure 2, Table 2) of 65 kt at 1400 UTC 5 November indicates the system had strengthened. This ship report is the basis for the peak intensity estimate of 65 kt. Microwave sounding data suggested that a weak warm core near 550 mb had developed by about 1000 UTC on the 5th.
There were no reports of damage or casualties associated with Noel.
Only five forecasts were issued for Noel, too few for a meaningful forecast evaluation. Apart from marine warnings issued by the government of Canada, there were no watches and warnings associated with Noel.
|Lat. (°N)||Lon. (°W)|
|04 / 0000||33.9||50.4||988||45||subtropical storm|
|04 / 0600||34.1||50.4||990||45||"|
|04 / 1200||34.3||50.4||993||45||"|
|04 / 1800||35.2||50.3||993||50||"|
|05 / 0000||36.1||50.1||991||55||"|
|05 / 0600||37.0||50.1||988||60||"|
|05 / 1200||37.8||50.3||986||65||hurricane|
|05 / 1800||38.8||50.2||986||65||"|
|06 / 0000||39.7||49.7||990||60||tropical storm|
|06 / 0600||41.3||49.2||994||55||"|
|06 / 1200||43.0||48.5||996||50||extratropical|
|06 / 1800||45.0||48.0||1000||50||"|
|07 / 0000||absorbed by extratropical low|
|05 / 1200||37.8||50.3||986||65||minimum pressure|
|Ship Name or Call Sign||Date/Time (UTC)||Lat. (°N)||Lon. (°W)||Wind dir/speed (deg/kt)||Pressure (mb)|
Figure 1: Best track positions for Hurricane Noel, 4-6 November 2001.
Figure 2: Selected wind observations and best track maximum sustained surface wind speed curve for Hurricane Noel, 4-6 November 2001. The peak intensity is based on a ship report of 65 kt at 1400 UTC 5 November (indicated by the "x"). Other marine observations contributing to the best track intensity are not shown here but are listed in Table 2.
Figure 3: Selected pressure observations and best track minimum central pressure curve for Hurricane Noel, 4-6 November 2001.