Preliminary Report
Hurricane Lenny
13 - 23 November 1999

John L. Guiney
National Hurricane Center
9 December 1999
(modified 31 March 2000)

Hurricane Lenny was the fifth category-four hurricane on the Saffir/Simpson Hurricane Scale (SSHS) of the 1999 season - a record. This hurricane had a major impact on numerous land areas in the Caribbean Sea. Moreover, Lenny was the first storm to have an extended west-to-east track across the central and eastern Caribbean Sea in the 113-year Atlantic tropical cyclone record.

a. Synoptic History

A broad area of low pressure was first identified in the southwest Caribbean Sea early on 8 November. Later that day, there was sufficient convective banding to warrant a T1.0 Dvorak satellite-based intensity classification from the Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch (TAFB) at TPC. Although thunderstorm activity associated with the low remained poorly organized, locally heavy rains and strong gusty winds occurred over the northwest Caribbean Sea and adjacent portions of Central America and Mexico for several days. On 12 November, a U.S. Air Force Reserve (USAFR) Hurricane Hunter aircraft investigated the disturbance but failed to find a well-defined surface circulation center. Early on the 13th, satellite imagery showed that the system was gradually becoming better organized. Later that afternoon the Hurricane Hunters found 30 knot surface winds and a 1003 mb central pressure. Tropical Depression Sixteen formed about 150 n mi south of the Cayman Islands at 1800 UTC 13 November (This is when the best track begins in Table 1 and Figure 1). By mid morning of the 14th, the overall organization of the depression was improving and the depression was estimated to have become Tropical Storm Lenny at 1200 UTC 14 November.

A USAFR reconnaissance mission the afternoon of the 14th found maximum flight-level (1500 ft) winds of 84 knots and a central pressure of 988 mb. Lenny became a hurricane at 0000 UTC 15 September while centered about 150 miles southwest of Kingston, Jamaica. DMSP SSM/I imagery near this time showed a banding-type eye 15-20 n mi in diameter. During the next 12 hours, the central pressure fell 10 mb and Lenny strengthened to a 85-knot, category two hurricane on the SSHS.

By the evening of the 15th, the eye was no longer discernible in satellite imagery, the overall cloud pattern became less organized, and Lenny weakened to 75 knots - see Figure 2(a).

One of the most interesting aspects of Lenny was its extended west-to-east motion through the Caribbean, unprecedented in the 113-year Atlantic basin tropical cyclone record. For its first 48 hours, Lenny moved on a east to east-southeast course. This motion was induced by the flow around the southern portion of a deep-layer trough located over the western Atlantic. Several shortwave troughs helped to amplify the mean western Atlantic trough through the period which increased the westerly steering flow. From 1200 UTC 15 November to 1800 UTC 16 November, Lenny's mean forward motion was 14 knots.

The weakening on the 15th was temporary and Lenny re-intensified early on the 16th. During a 24 hour period beginning about midday on the 16th, the central pressure dropped 34 mb. Lenny's maximum sustained surface winds of 135 knots and minimum central pressure (933 mb) occurred at 1800 UTC 17 November when the hurricane was centered about 18 n mi south of St. Croix in the U.S. Virgin Islands. However, the 135-knot winds were confined to the southeast quadrant of the hurricane and these strongest wind speeds did not occur over land.

Lenny moved into a col point between two mid-level ridges late on the 17th and its forward motion slowed. The hurricane drifted east-northeastward before turning southeastward early on the 19th. Despite what appeared in satellite imagery as a favorable upper-level outflow pattern, Lenny weakened, perhaps due to upwelling. Lenny was gradually weakening when its center passed very slowly over St. Maarten during the afternoon of the 18th, Anguilla later that evening, and St. Barthelemy early on the 19th. Lenny weakened to a tropical storm on the 19th just south of St. Barthelemy. The storm made its final landfall in Antigua late on the 19th.

Lenny continued to move southeastward and the forward motion increased to near 8 knots. The motion turned again toward the northeast as Lenny weakened to a depression at 0000 UTC 21 November. The depression turned back to the east early on the 21st and Lenny dissipated on the morning of the 23rd about 600 n mi east of the leeward islands.

b. Meteorological Statistics

The best-track intensities in Table 1 were obtained from the data in Figure 3(a) and Figure 4 which depict the curves of maximum sustained one-minute average "surface" (10 meters above ground level) wind speed and minimum central sea-level pressure, respectively, as a function of time. These figures also contain data upon which the curves are based: USAFR and NOAA aircraft reconnaissance flight level wind speeds and GPS dropsonde data, intensity estimates from surface synoptic data, and satellite-based Dvorak-technique intensity estimates from the Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch (TAFB), the Satellite Analysis Branch (SAB), and the U.S. Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA). The flight-level wind data in Figure 3a and Figure 3b have been adjusted for elevation (90% of 700 mb wind speeds, 80% of 850 mb wind speeds, and 85% of 1500 ft speeds). Dropsonde wind speed measurements that terminate above the 10 meter level are adjusted to 10 meters using a mean hurricane eyewall profile determined by previous dropsonde measurements. For clarity, Figure 3(b) shows only the aircraft flight level and dropsonde data

1. Wind and Pressure Data

The majority of the aerial reconnaissance flights into Lenny were done by the USAFR "Hurricane Hunters". The Hurricane Hunters flew 17 reconnaissance missions, and made 46 center fixes while NOAA aircraft performed two missions contributing four center fixes. Lenny also featured the first utilization of the new USAFR WC130-J model aircraft for reconnaissance. Figure 5 is a radar image from the new J model at 0321 UTC 18 November right before it penetrated the eye for a fix.

The peak intensity of Lenny, 135 knots, is based on 90% of the 149 knot flight-level (700 mb) wind speed reported at 1702 UTC 17 November. The GPS dropsonde from this fix operationally measured 180 knots at 891 mb. Post-flight processing corrected this value to 183 knots, a record dropsonde wind speed in a hurricane. Figure 6 shows the eyewall dropsonde wind profile at 1940 UTC 17 November; the 10-meter wind was 125 kt. The lowest pressure recorded by the aircraft was 934 mb at 1929 UTC 17 November. However, the minimum central pressure of 933 mb was assigned based on the lower 700 mb height on the 1702 UTC fix. The 929 mb pressure from the 2134 UTC fix was an extrapolated value and has been discounted.

Table 2 lists a selection of surface observations from land stations. The highest official sustained surface wind speed (gust) observed over land was 73 knots (90 knots) at the St. Maarten Meteorological Office in Phillpsburg at 0200 UTC 19 November. However, the meteorological antenna fell down during the strongest winds. Hamilton Airport on St. Croix recorded sustained 1-minute winds of 60 knots, with a gust to 80 knots, at 1933 UTC 17 November. The lowest official pressure observed in the northern Leeward Islands was 972.1 mb at the St. Maarten Meteorological Office at 0200 UTC 19 November. Table 3 lists ship reports of 34 knot winds or higher associated with Lenny.

Table 4 lists selected amateur radio weather reports. The maximum sustained surface wind speed reported via amateur radio operators was 81 knots on St. John in the U.S. Virgin Islands at 1900 UTC 17 November. During the peak of the hurricane, Saba recorded a gust of 145 knots (2600 ft elevation) before the anemometer blew away. The highest measured gust on St. Croix was 97 knots at 2000 UTC 17 November, two hours after Lenny reached its peak intensity. This gust measurement coincides with Lenny's closest approach to the island. The minimum central pressure at St. Croix, 980 mb, was also recorded at this time.

2. Rainfall Data

Lenny's slow drift across the northern Leeward Islands for a 36-hour period resulted in some very high rainfall amounts. For many locations heavy rains over several days was the primary impact of Lenny. Portions of French St. Martin, St. Barthelemy, and Guadeloupe received record rains. The highest reported storm-total rainfall was 34.12 inches on St. Martin at Gendarmerie. This included a 24-hour record of 18.98 inches on the 18 November. St. Martin Marigot D.D.E. recorded 26.10 inches. Of this total, a record 22.64 inches fell in a 24-hour period beginning around midday on the 17th. Rainfall totals on St. Barthelemy were about 15 inches while 6 to 12 inch totals were typical on Guadeloupe. The highest rainfall total in Dutch St. Maarten was 27.56 inches recorded at the meteorological office in Phillpsburg resulting in mud slides in the area. V.C. Bird International Airport in Antigua reported 18.32 inches in association with Lenny. A little over 25 inches was recorded in the southern portion of the island. There were reports of mud slides from St. Kitts.

Rainfall totals averaged 3 to 4 inches across the U.S. and British Virgin Islands. Hamilton Airport in St. Croix measured 8.05 inches of rain, resulting in widespread flooding around the island inundating many homes. The highest official rainfall total in Puerto Rico was 9.39 inches on Magueyes Island, Lajas. Co-op observer rainfall totals across Puerto Rico averaged 4 to 8 inches with the highest value, 12.39 inches, reported in Toro Negro Orocovis. Landslides and mud slides were reported in interior and west sections of Puerto Rico.

3. Storm Surge/Tide Data

Fredericksted in St. Croix was inundated by an estimated 15 to 20 ft storm surge. However, a complete storm surge survey has not been completed at this time. The maximum recorded storm tide was 2.9 feet at the NOAA National Ocean Service (NOS) gage in Lime Tree Bay on St. Croix. NOAA NOS gages recorded 1.8 feet on St. Thomas and in Puerto Rico (San Juan). There was also considerable coastal erosion reported on St. Croix.

Lenny's approach from the west produced unprecedented wave and storm surge impact on westward-facing coasts and harbors. The meteorological service in Dutch St. Maarten reported that southern and western coastal areas were significantly impacted by wave action. The Metro-France meteorological station in Gustavia on St. Barthelemy estimated waves of up to 16 feet in the harbor on 17 November. A platform near La Desirade, just east of Grande-Terre Guadeloupe, recorded a significant wave height of 9.8 ft at 2300 UTC 20 November. Estimates range up to 13 ft in the harbor.

Lenny generated large waves and swells that propagated across much of the southern and eastern Caribbean, affecting the Guajira Peninsula of Colombia, Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, and much of the remainder of the Leeward and Windward Islands.

c. Casualty and Damage Statistics

There were 17 deaths directly associated with Lenny, 3 in Dutch St. Maarten, 2 in Colombia, 5 in Guadeloupe, 1 in Martinique, and 6 offshore. Two of the deaths in St. Maarten were caused by flying debris while the other was the result of a collapsed roadway. The remainder of the onshore fatalities, based on media reports, are presumed to be due to freshwater flooding. Two of the offshore deaths occurred when the sailing yacht VIDAR was lost somewhere in the southern Caribbean Sea.

Lenny produced considerable damage on many of the islands in the northeast Caribbean due to the heavy rains and unprecedented wave and storm surge action. St. Croix sustained moderate damage. Many boats were washed ashore along the north coast of the island. In Christiansted Harbor, several boats sunk and south and east portions of the island suffered roof damage. Lenny also impacted the agricultural areas of the island. Both the Dutch and French portions of St. Maarten/Martin were severely impacted with many buildings damaged and boats damaged or lost. In St. Lucia, at least 70 homes were reported damaged. In Saba, the airport tower and several other buildings were severely damaged. Guadeloupe sustained a large amount of damage along the west coast due to the wave action and inland due to heavy rains.

In Grenada, ten homes were destroyed and 21 small boats were lost. There were also reports of damage St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Montserrat.

Insured losses of 165 million U.S. dollars have been reported from Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Using a factor of 2.0, the total U.S. damages from Lenny is estimated at 330 million dollars.

d. Forecast and Warning Critique

With guidance from global models, the incipient disturbance that was to become Lenny was first identified as a candidate for development in NHC's Tropical Weather Outlook about five days before it became a tropical depression.

The official track forecast errors for Lenny, along with those of the various objective techniques, are listed in Table 5. With the exception of the 12 hour time period, the errors for Lenny were 5% (24 h) to 33% (72 h) above the most recent ten-year averages. Lenny's unique track likely contributed to the larger-than-normal track errors. In contrast to the official forecast errors, the UKM 24 h, 36 h, 48 h, and 72 h track forecast errors were below the most recent ten-year averages. The UKMI errors were 12% (24 h) to 40% (72 h) below the official forecast. Most of the remaining objective guidance forecast errors were above the official forecast at all time periods.

An examination of the official intensity forecasts for Lenny show that the strengthening of Lenny was under-forecast prior to its peak intensity and over-forecast thereafter. Intensity forecasts errors were as large as 35 to 45 knots at 24 to 36 hours and 60 to 75 knots in 48 to 72 hours. These errors are not surprising given the unusual strength of Lenny. Meanwhile, the official forecasts were as much as 40 to 45 knots too high 24 to 36 hours after the peak intensity was reached. The Statistical Hurricane Intensity Prediction Scheme (SHIPS), typically the best intensity guidance, under-forecast Lenny's peak intensity by 41 to 51 knots at 24 to 36 hours.

Table 6 lists the various watches and warnings that were issued for Lenny. Hurricane warnings were posted for the U.S. Virgin Islands about 36 hours before the onset of hurricane-force winds. Similar lead times were provided to the northern Leeward Islands.


The author appreciates the information provided by the San Juan NWFO, Patrick Jeremiah Director, Meteorological Services Antigua, Roland Mazurie of Metro-France/Service Regional de Guadeloupe, and Ashford James of the Meteorological Service Netherlands Antilles/St. Maarten. James Franklin supplied the wind and pressure plots. Mike Tichacek helped translate the storm report from Metro-France/Service Regional de Guadeloupe.

(The Metro-France Service Regional de Guadeloupe report on Lenny can be accessed from the Metro-France Web Site http://www.meteo.gp/webAG/cyclone/cyclone.htm)

Figure 1. Best track positions for Hurricane Lenny, 13-23 November 1999.

Figure 2. Sequence of SSM/I microwave images of Hurricane Lenny showing the evolution of inner-core region over a 48 hour period from (A) a 75-knot hurricane to (B) a 100-knot hurricane to (C)a 130-knot category four hurricane (about six hours after peak intensity).

Figure 3a. Best track maximum sustained 1-minute 10 meter wind speed curve for Hurricane Lenny, 13 - 23 November 1999, showing all available intensity estimates and wind observations (aircraft observations adjusted for elevation (90% of 700 mb wind speeds, 80% of 850 mb speeds, and 85% of 1500 ft speeds).

Figure 3b. Best track maximum sustained 1-minute 10 meter wind speedcurve for Hurricane Lenny, 13 - 23 November 1999, showing in situ wind observations adjusted for elevation (90% of 700 mb wind speeds, 80% of 850 mb speeds, and 85% of 1500 ft speeds.

Figure 4. Best track minimum central pressure curve and central pressure observations or estimates for Hurricane Lenny, 13-23 November 1999.

Figure 5. Radar image from the new U.S. Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunter WC-130J aircraft at 0321 UTC 18 November 1999. The aircraft penetrated the eye at 0332 UTC and reported flight-level (700 mb) winds of 119 knots and a central pressure of 944 mb.

Figure 6. Hurricane Lenny eyewall GPS dropsonde wind profile near peak intensity, 1940 UTC 17 November 1999.

Table 1. Preliminary Best Track - Hurricane Lenny, 13 - 23 November 1999.
Position Pressure
Wind Speed
Lat. (°N) Lon. (°W)
13/180016.781.61003 30Tropical Depression
14/000016.581.11003 30"
14/060016.480.51002 30"
14/120016.479.91000 40 Tropical Storm
14/180016.379.3 992 55"
15/000016.078.6 988 70Hurricane
15/060015.577.7 977 75"
15/120015.176.4 971 85"
15/180014.874.8 983 75"
16/000015.073.4 982 75"
16/060015.172.0 974 75"
16/120015.170.5 971 85"
16/180015.469.0 967 85"
17/000015.967.6 959100"
17/060016.466.5 952105"
17/120016.865.5 946115"
17/180017.464.8 933135"
18/000017.664.2 940130"
18/060017.863.9 944125"
18/120017.963.6 953120"
18/180018.063.3 966110"
19/000018.163.1 972 85"
19/060018.062.9 979 75 "
19/120017.962.8 986 70Hurricane
19/180017.662.5 994 60Tropical Storm
20/000017.361.8 994 55"
20/060017.061.1 995 55"
20/120016.560.4 996 50"
20/180015.959.8 998 45"
21/000016.059.0 998 40"
21/000016.558.1 998 30Tropical Depression
21/120017.257.1 999 30"
21/180018.056.71000 25"
22/000018.456.11001 25"
22/060018.555.71002 25"
22/120018.555.31004 25"
22/180018.554.71005 20"
23/000018.553.81006 20"
23/060018.552.81006 20"
23/1200    Dissipated
17/180017.464.8 933135Minimum Pressure
17/180017.464.8933135St. Croix USVI
18/180018.063.3966110St. Martin
19/0600 18.062.997975St. Barthelemy
20/000017.361.8 994 55Antigua

Table 2. Hurricane Lenny selected surface observations, November 1999.
Maximum surface wind speed
Location Pressure
gust (kts)
(storm total)
St. Maarten
Met. Office (Roof) - Phillpsburg972.119/0200739019/1730  18.65
Met. Office FMC8 Auto. Rain Gauge       27.56
V.C. Bird International Airport994.520/0100355019/2046  18.32
English Harbour   6919/XXXX   
U.S. Virgin Islands
St. Croix
Hamilton Airport981.7 17/1933608017/2035  8.05
Maria Hill@969.9 17/2010729717/1836   
USDA MET STN Frederk       2.78
Lime Tree Bay/NOAA NOS Gage      2.9 
St. Thomas
Cyril E. King Airport993.2 17/1654466118/0417  4.34
USGS/Bonne Resolution GUT       2.01
USGS/National Park Service        3.44
Charlotte Amalie/NOAA NOS Gage      1.8 
St. John
Health Center/NWS Sensor #F420C   8017/XXXX   
USGS/Met Stn Lind Point       2.95
Coral Bay/CO-OP Observer986.717/1900 6517/1710  2.40
Puerto Rico
Luis Munoz Marin Intl. Airport (TJSU)1000.0 17/0914293417/1423  2.51
La Puntilla,San Juan/NOAA NOS Gage      1.8 
Ceiba/Roosevelt Roads NS (TJNR)1001.0 17/1355294217/1345  4.25
Magueyes Isl., Lajas/NOAA NOS Gage      1.19.39
NWS CO-OP Observer Rainfall
Toro Negro Orocovis       12.39
Pico Del Este        11.75
Jayuya       11.41
Rio De La Plata       10.51
Aibonito       9.90
Villalba 3NE       8.46
Rio Blanco Naguabo       7.95
Maunabo       7.45
Rio Orocovis       6.97
Gurabo AG EXP STN       6.71
Cayey 1E       6.61
Lago De Matrullas       6.61
Rio Fajardo Nr Fajardo       6.48
Lago El Guineo        6.35
Pueblo Del Rio Gurabo       6.03
Cerro La Punta / Jayuya       5.94
Juncos 1NNE       5.24
La Plaza 7S Caguas       5.15
Rio Cerrillos Ponce       5.11
Rio Maunabo       5.01
Central Aguirre - South Coast       4.55
Barrio Beatriz/Caguas       4.48
Montones Las Piedras       4.42
Bisley STN El Yunque       4.26
Bairro Arriba/Caguas       3.01

bDate/time is for sustained wind when both sustained and gust are listed
@Unofficial observer data
cStorm surge is water height above normal astronomical tide level
dStorm tide is water height above NGVD

Table 3. Hurricane Lenny ship observations of 34 knots or higher winds, November 1999.
Ship Call Sign
Lat. (°N) Lon. (°W) Date/ Time
Sustained Wind
Wave Height (ft)
LAUS418.4 76.714/0000 1013.9367
PDXQ14.0 81.815/09001006.537M
ELVB613.4 78.815/15001005.037M
ELVK516.6 74.5 1001.039M
OYUY415.2 72.215/18001002.03510
FNIH14.0 72.215/21001000.24016
OYUY414.9 72.1  999.83510
ELVK515.4 76.0 1002.035M
FNIH 13.9 72.716/0000 998.24020
OYUY414.3 71.9  998.53713
FNIH 13.9 73.016/0300 999.84420
OYUY414.0 72.0 1000.037M
OYUY413.5 72.116/0600 999.04520
OYUY413.4 72.216/09001000.04020
PEXV 12.6 71.416/12001005.63913
ZCBH912.7 71.2 1003.63513
OYUY413.5 72.3 1003.54010
OYUY413.3 72.816/15001007.94010
OYUY412.3 73.516/21001005.03513
V7BV714.7 67.617/0000 996.65010
V2DW14.6 70.017/03001006.041M
V7BV714.6 68.117/06001002.55013
PFRO15.8 62.818/21001005.04120
ELTO415.7 62.420/00001002.0383
MOBILE15.7 59.120/12001009.53510

aDate/time is for sustained wind when both sustained and gust are listed
M - missing data

Table 4. Hurricane Lenny selected amateur radio surface weather reports, November 1999.
Call Sign Location Date/Time
Sustained Wind
Peak Wind
BN2BTSt. Thomas USVI17/1656995.03571
G0PBQ/FSSt. Martin - North End18/2110988.5  
KC6OXMTortola - East End17/0130996.0110-120*130*
" 17/2125995.065-70102
KF4SZViequez Island17/1550 4053
KP2GSt. John USVI17/1900993.28185+
KV4F2St. Croix USVI17/1423997.34575
" 17/1506 5080
" 17/2125995.065-70102
N3YMJVirgin Gorda BVI17/0159988.85585
NP2BSt. Croix USVI17/14101002.030-4063
" 17/1509999.745-5063
" 17/1705993.750-5578
" 17/1800988.56094
" 17/1850984.160+94
" 17/2000980.060-70112
" 17/2115984.450-6075-80
" 17/2301988.870-8090+
PJ8DMSaba (Elev:2600 Feet)17/17141005.34066
" 17/19161003.44064
" 17/2335  80
" 18/03451000.06780
" 18/0426998.079 
"Report from Neighbor @ 700 ft18/0435998.0 101
" 18/1148994.0  
" 18/1345984.0 82
" 18/1430983.079108
VA3GSGSt. Martin18/0340 45-50 
W0NB/KP2St. John USVI17/1843995.37375

* - Estimated

Table 5. Preliminary track forecast evaluation of Hurricane Lenny - heterogeneous sample. Errors in nautical miles for tropical storm and hurricane stages with number of forecasts in parenthesis. Numbers in bold type represent forecasts which were better than the official forecast.
Forecast Technique Period (hours)
CLIP53 (24)131 (22)226 (20)326 (18)526 (14)
LBAR52 (24)120 (22)198 (20)295 (18)668 (14)
BAMD58 (25)122 (23)183 (21)246 (19)398 (15)
BAMM52 (24)108 (22)165 (20)239 (18)393 (14)
BAMS70 (25)135 (23)192 (21)241 (19)305 (15)
NGPI66 (15)165 (13)281 (10)326 (8)362 (4)
NGPS*252 (13)266 (12)316 (10)367 (9)334 (7)
UKMI55 (15)103 (14)138 (13)169 (12)195 (10)
UKM*52 (13)87 (12)122 (11)158 (10)233 (8)
A90E54 (24)115 (22)177 (20)243 (18)371 (14)
A98E54 (24)116 (22)186 (20)262 (18)368 (14)
A9UK57 (12)125 (11)192 (10)240 (9)257 (7)
NHC Official 40 (25) 93 (23)156 (21)213 (19)323 (15)
NHC Official 10-Year Average (1989-1998) 48 (2005) 89 (1790)128 (1595)164 (1410)242 (1107)

* - Output from these models was unavailable at time of forecast issuance.

Table 6. Watch and warning summary, Hurricane Lenny, November 1999.
Action Location
14/2100Tropical Storm Warning and Hurricane Watch IssuedJamaica
15/0000Hurricane Watch Issued South coast of Haiti
15/1700Hurricane Watch IssuedSouth coast of the Dominican Republic, Perdenales to Cabo Engano
15/1800Tropical Storm Warning and Hurricane Watch DiscontinuedJamaica
15/2100Hurricane Watch IssuedPuerto Rico and the U.S. and British Virgin Islands
16/0300Tropical Storm Warning Issued South Coast of the Dominican Republic from Cabo Beata to Cabo Engano
"Hurricane Warning IssuedPuerto Rico and the U.S. and British Virgin Islands
16/1500Tropical Storm Warning and Hurricane Watch IssuedDutch St. Maarten, St. Eustatius, Saba, Anguilla, Nevis, St. Kitts, Montserrat, Barbuda and Antigua
"Hurricane Watch DiscontinuedHaiti
16/2100Hurricane Warning IssuedDutch St. Maarten, St. Eustatius, Saba, Anguilla, Nevis, St. Kitts
"Tropical Storm Warning and Hurricane Watch IssuedDominican Republic, Punta Palenque to Sabana De La Mar
"Tropical Storm Warning and Hurricane Watch discontinuedElsewhere in the Dominican Republic
17/0300Hurricane Warning IssuedMontserrat, Barbuda and Antigua
"Tropical Storm Warning and Hurricane Watch discontinuedDominican Republic
17/0500Hurricane Warning IssuedFrench St. Martin
17/2100Hurricane Warning Downgraded to Tropical Storm WarningMainland Puerto Rico
18/0300Tropical Storm Warning DiscontinuedMainland Puerto Rico west of a Ponce-Manati line
18/1500Tropical Storm Warning DiscontinuedMainland Puerto Rico east of a Ponce-Manati line
"Hurricane Warning Downgraded to Tropical Storm WarningCulebra and Vieques
18/2100Hurricane Warning DiscontinuedU.S. and British Virgin Islands
"Tropical Storm Warning DiscontinuedCulebra and Vieques
19/2100Hurricane Warning DiscontinuedDutch St. Maarten, St. Eustatius, Saba, Anguilla, Nevis, St. Kitts
"Hurricane Warning Downgraded to Tropical Storm WarningMontserrat, Barbuda and Antigua
20/0900Tropical Storm Warning DiscontinuedMontserrat, Barbuda and Antigua


Last updated February 1, 2000